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Lockheed Martin Corporation  (LMT)
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    Sector  Capital Goods    Industry Aerospace & Defense
   Industry Aerospace & Defense
   Sector  Capital Goods

Lockheed Martin Corporation

Business Description


Lockheed Martin Corporation principally researches, designs, develops, manufactures, integrates, operates and supports advanced technology systems, products and services. We serve customers in domestic and international defense, civil and commercial markets, with our principal customers being agencies of the U.S. Government. Lockheed Martin was formed in March 1995 by combining the businesses of Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta Corporation. We are a Maryland corporation.

We operate in five principal business segments: Aeronautics; Electronic Systems; Space Systems; Integrated Systems & Solutions (IS&S); and Information & Technology Services.

Aeronautics – Engaged in the design, research and development, systems integration, production, support and upgrade of advanced military aircraft and related technologies. Our customers include the military services of the United States and allied countries throughout the world. Major products and programs include the F-16 multi-role fighter, F/A-22 air dominance and multi-mission combat aircraft, F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, Japanese F-2 combat aircraft, Korean T-50 advanced trainer, C-130 tactical airlift aircraft, C-5 strategic airlift aircraft, C-27J medium transport aircraft and support for the F-117 stealth fighter and special mission and reconnaissance aircraft (e.g., P-3 Orion, S-3 Viking, U-2 and Big Safari modifications).

Electronic Systems – Engaged in the design, research, development, integration and production of high performance systems for undersea, shipboard, land and airborne applications. Major product lines include: missiles and fire control systems; air and theater missile defense systems; surface ship and submarine combat systems; anti-submarine and undersea warfare systems; avionics and ground combat vehicle integration; radars; platform integration systems; homeland security systems; surveillance and reconnaissance systems; advanced aviation management; security and information technology solutions; simulation and training systems; and postal automation systems.

Space Systems – Engaged in the design, research, development, engineering and production of satellites, strategic and defensive missile systems and launch services. The satellite product line includes both government and commercial satellites. Strategic and defensive missile systems include airborne and missile defense technologies and fleet ballistic missiles. Launch services include launches on Titan IV, Atlas and Proton launch vehicles, and also include the Space Shuttle’s external tank. In addition, the segment has investments in joint ventures that are principally engaged in businesses that complement and enhance other activities of the segment.

Integrated Systems & Solutions (IS&S)– Engaged in the design, research, development, integration and management of net-centric solutions supporting the command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, reconnaissance and surveillance (C4ISR) activities of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), intelligence agencies, other federal agencies and allied countries. IS&S provides technology, full life-cycle support and highly specialized talent in the areas of software and systems engineering, including expertise in space, air and ground systems. IS&S serves as the Corporation’s focal point for customers with joint and net-centric operations requiring overarching architectures, horizontal systems integration, and inter-connected capabilities for the gathering, processing, storage and delivery of on-demand information for mission management, modeling, simulation and large-scale systems integration.

Information & Technology Services – Engaged in a wide array of information technology (IT), IT-related, and other technology services to federal agencies and other customers. Major product lines include: information technology integration and management; enterprise solutions; application development, maintenance, and consulting for strategic programs for the DoD and civil government agencies; aircraft and engine maintenance and modification services; management, operation, maintenance, training and logistics support for military, homeland security and civilian systems; launch, mission and analysis services for military, classified and commercial satellites; engineering, science and information services for NASA; and research, development, engineering and science in support of nuclear weapons stewardship and naval reactor programs.

Aspects of our business require relatively scarce raw materials. We generally have not experienced difficulty in our ability to obtain raw materials and other supplies needed in our manufacturing processes. We seek to manage raw materials supply risk through long-term contracts and by maintaining a stock of key materials in inventory.

Aluminum and titanium are important raw materials used in certain of our Aeronautics and Space programs. Aluminum and titanium generally have been in good supply. Carbon fiber is an important ingredient in the composite material that is used in our Aeronautics programs, such as the F/A-22 and F-35. Nicalon fiber also is a key material used on the F/A-22 aircraft. One type of carbon fiber and the nicalon fiber that we use are currently only available from single-source suppliers. Aluminum lithium, which we use in the producing the Space Shuttle’s external tank and for F-16 structural components, also is currently only available from limited sources. While we do not anticipate material problems regarding the supply of our raw materials, it is possible that the unavailability of key materials in the future could delay one or more of our programs, result in increased costs or reduce award fees.

No material portion of our business is considered to be seasonal. Various factors can affect the distribution of our revenue between accounting periods, including the timing of government awards, the availability of government funding, product deliveries and customer acceptance.

Government Contracts and Regulation

Our businesses are heavily regulated in most of our fields of endeavor. We deal with numerous U.S. Government agencies and entities, including all of the branches of the U.S. military, NASA, the U.S. Postal Service, the Social Security Administration, the Patent and Trademark Office, and the Departments of Energy, Justice, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, State and Transportation. Similar government authorities exist with respect to our international efforts.

The U.S. Government, and other governments, may terminate any of our government contracts and, in general, subcontracts, at their convenience as well as for default based on performance. If any of our government contracts were to be terminated for convenience, we generally would be entitled to receive payment for work completed and allowable termination or cancellation costs.

Upon termination for convenience of a fixed-price type contract, we normally are entitled to receive the purchase price for delivered items, reimbursement for allowable costs for work-in-process and an allowance for profit on the contract or adjustment for loss if completion of performance would have resulted in a loss. Upon termination for convenience of a cost reimbursement contract, we normally are entitled to reimbursement of allowable costs plus a portion of the fee. The amount of the fee recovered, if any, is related to the portion of the work accomplished prior to termination and is determined by negotiation.

We derive approximately 78% of our revenue from sales to the U.S. Government. We expect that U.S. Government sales will be the primary source of our revenue for the foreseeable future. Our ability to successfully compete for and retain business is highly dependent on technical excellence, management proficiency, strategic alliances, cost-effective performance and the ability to recruit and retain key personnel. U.S. Government programs are subject to uncertain future funding levels that can result in the extension or termination of programs. Our business is also highly sensitive to changes in national and international priorities and U.S. Government budgets.

With respect to military aircraft, we compete with both domestic and international companies. Some or all of these companies are competing, or preparing to compete for unmanned military aircraft sales. Our military aircraft programs also face potential competition from the application of derivatives of commercial aircraft to missions that require large aircraft and the application of unmanned vehicles to missions that are now served by tactical-bomber capabilities.

With respect to tactical fighters, the F-16 remains a formidable competitor, especially on the basis of price. It competes less effectively where stealth is a major determinant, but otherwise the ability to update its capabilities with changes in sensor and weapon systems makes the F-16 a strong competitor.

Electronic Systems’ broad portfolio of products and services forces it to compete against other large aerospace and defense companies and numerous smaller competitors. Electronic Systems’ business units often form teams with other companies that are competitors in other areas. The principal factors of competition include technical and management capability, price, past performance and our ability to provide solutions to our customers’ requirements on a timely basis.

We compete worldwide for satellites, launch services and strategic and defensive missile systems against numerous competitors.

I&TS competes against other aerospace and defense firms, IT service providers and other service companies. The competitive landscape is highly fragmented with no single company or small group of companies in dominant positions. The principal factors of competition include price, technical and management capability, past performance and, increasingly, the ability to develop and implement complex, integrated solutions to meet the challenges facing government customers across their entire enterprise.




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