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In August growth in Consumer Prices moderates

CPI U.S. Economy



CPI contunued to grow in August but on the smaller pace than in two previous months, led by increase in gasoline prices.
The Consumer price Indexes increased by 0.4 % in August on the seasonally adjusted basis, reported by the U.S. Labor Department. Retail prices increased by 1.3 % from Aug. 2019, as the core rate increased on the higher rate than total consumer prices.

Consumer faced increasing prices across many sectors including, food, energy, gasoline and communication.

Closely monitored CPI excluding food and energy surged by 0.4 % equally to total consumer price index on the seasonally adjusted basis.
Core CPI excludes the volatile food and energy categories in order to provide better idea about longer-term inflationary trends.
Consumer price index excluding food and energy advanced by 1.7 % for the year.



Housing & Apparel   Food
Prices for housing have increased by smaller rate than a month ago, housing prices increased by 0.2 % on the seasonally adjusted basis, as prices for household furnishings increased the most. Over the past 12 months, prices for housing have climbed by 2.1 %.


Apparel prices have increased by smaller rate than a month ago, apparel prices increased by 0.6 % on the seasonally adjusted basis. Apparel prices dropped by -5.9 % from Aug. 2019.


Food & beverages prices have rebounded from decline in previous period, food prices advanced by 0.1 % on the seasonally adjusted basis, as prices for alcoholic beverages increased the most. Over the past 12 months, food prices grew by 4.1 %.


0.50% 2.70% 0.00% 0.00% 0.10% 4.50% 0.10% 4.00%
Fuels & Transportation
Energy increased by 0.9 % on the seasonally adjusted basis, energy dropped by -9 % from Aug. 2019.

CPI Fuel The Consumer Price Index for Transportation advanced by 1.30 %, from July 2020 and fell by -4.10 %, from Aug. 2019.

New vehicles remained unchanged from July 2020 and moved up by 0.70 %, from Aug. 2019.

Gasoline all types climbed by 2.00 %, from July 2020 and fell by -16.80 %, from Aug. 2019. Public transportation decreased by -17.50 %, from July 2020 and fell by -17.50 %, from Aug. 2019.



Consumer Price Index Y/Y
Consumer Price Indexes
CPI by Category
(from the same month a year ago change, % )
Aug. 2020
final
July 2020
final
June 2020
final
May 2020
final
April 2020
final
March 2020
final
All Items
1.3 % 1 % 0.6 % 0.1 % 0.3 % 1.5 %
All items ex. Food and energy
1.7 % 1.6 % 1.2 % 1.2 % 1.4 % 2.1 %
Food & beverages
4.1 % 4.1 % 4.5 % 4 % 3.5 % 1.9 %
Food at home
4.6 % 4.6 % 5.6 % 4.8 % 4.1 % 1.1 %
Meats poultry fish & eggs
7.1 % 8.4 % 12.8 % 10 % 6.8 % 2.3 %
Nonalcoholic beverages & beverage materials
5.1 % 5 % 5.3 % 4.1 % 5 % 1.4 %
Alcoholic beverages
1.7 % 1.5 % 2.2 % 2.2 % 1.9 % 1.4 %
Food away from home
3.5 % 3.4 % 3.1 % 2.9 % 2.8 % 3 %
             
Housing
2.1 % 2 % 2 % 2.1 % 2.2 % 2.4 %
Shelter
2.3 % 2.3 % 2.4 % 2.5 % 2.6 % 3 %
Lodging away from home
-11.4 % -13.4 % -14 % -15.2 % -14 % -6.4 %
Fuels & utilities
0.2 % - % - % -0.4 % -0.4 % -0.2 %
Household energy
-0.9 % -1 % -0.9 % -1.5 % -1.4 % -1.2 %
Fuel oil & other fuels
-23.6 % -27.2 % -29.9 % -37.5 % -33.2 % -20.1 %
Energy services
-0.1 % -0.1 % 0.1 % -0.2 % -0.2 % -0.5 %
Water & sewer & trash collection
3.4 % 3 % 2.9 % 2.9 % 3 % 3.2 %
Household furnishings & operations
2.5 % 1.5 % 1.4 % 1.6 % 1.3 % 0.6 %
             
Apparel
-5.9 % -6.5 % -7.3 % -7.9 % -5.7 % -1.6 %
Mens & boys apparel
-4.7 % -5.2 % -5.4 % -6.8 % -4.6 % -0.8 %
Womens & girls apparel
-8.7 % -9.5 % -10.1 % -10.6 % -7.7 % -2.6 %
Infants & toddlers apparel
-2.8 % -3.4 % -5 % -11.4 % -10.9 % -8 %
Footwear
-3.9 % -3.3 % -4.4 % -4.6 % -2.8 % -0.2 %
             
Transportation
-4.1 % -5.9 % -8.2 % -11.1 % -9.5 % -2.4 %
Private transportation
-2.9 % -5 % -7.3 % -10.4 % -9 % -2 %
New & used motor vehicles
1.7 % -0.2 % -1.3 % -0.7 % -1 % -0.4 %
New vehicles
0.7 % 0.5 % -0.2 % -0.3 % -0.6 % -0.4 %
Used cars & trucks
4 % -0.9 % -2.8 % -0.4 % -0.7 % 0.1 %
Motor fuel
-16.8 % -20.3 % -23.3 % -33.5 % -31.7 % -10.2 %
Gasoline all types
-16.8 % -20.3 % -23.4 % -33.8 % -32 % -10.2 %
Motor vehicle parts & equipment
2.5 % 1.5 % 1.4 % 1.6 % 1.3 % 0.6 %
Motor vehicle maintenance & repair
3.2 % 3.5 % 3.4 % 3.7 % 3.1 % 3.4 %
Public transportation
-17.5 % -16.1 % - % -19.8 % -16 % -7.2 %
             
Medical care
4.5 % 5 % 5.1 % 4.9 % 4.8 % 4.7 %
Medical care commodities
0.8 % 1.1 % 1.3 % 0.8 % 0.7 % 1.3 %
Medical care services
5.3 % 5.9 % 6 % 5.9 % 5.8 % 5.5 %
Professional services
2.3 % 2.5 % 2.2 % 2.2 % 1.7 % 1.6 %
Hospital & related services
4 % 5 % 10.3 % 4.9 % 5.2 % 4.4 %
               
Recreation
- % - % -2.1 % - % - % - %
Video & audio
3.4 % 3.2 % 2 % 2.1 % 1.7 % 1.3 %
             
Education & communication
2.3 % 2.3 % - % - % 1.6 % 1.5 %
Education
-4.8 % -4.3 % -3 % -3.5 % -3.8 % -4.7 %
Educational books & supplies
-1.3 % -0.8 % -1.7 % -0.9 % -1.7 % -2.7 %
Tuition other school fees & childcare
1.9 % 2.3 % - % 2.2 % 2.3 % 2.3 %
             
Communication
2.7 % 2.4 % 0.9 % 1.1 % 1.1 % 1.1 %
Information & information processing
2.7 % 2.4 % 0.8 % 1 % 1 % 1 %
Telephone services
5 % 4.3 % - % 1.7 % 1.8 % 1.8 %
Information technology hardware & services
-1.3 % -1 % -0.4 % -0.3 % -0.4 % -0.5 %
Personal computers & peripheral equi.
- % - % - % - % - % - %
             
Other goods & services
- % - % - % - % - % - %
Tobacco & smoking products
5 % 5.2 % 5.1 % 4.3 % 4.9 % 5.4 %
Personal care
1.5 % 2 % 2.3 % 1.9 % 2.3 % 2.3 %
Personal care products
-0.5 % -0.5 % -0.5 % -0.2 % - % 0.5 %
Personal care services
4.8 % 5.6 % - % 3.5 % 3.3 % 3.3 %
Miscellaneous personal services
1.6 % 1.5 % - % 2.1 % 2.5 % 2.4 %
Commodities
0.1 % -0.9 % -1.3 % -2.8 % -2.5 % -0.3 %
Energy index
-9 % -11.2 % -12.6 % -18.9 % -17.7 % -5.7 %


Consumer Price Index M/M
Consumer Price Indexes
CPI
(Month on Month change, % )
Aug. 2020
final
July 2020
final
June 2020
final
May 2020
final
April 2020
final
March 2020
final
All Items
0.4 % 0.6 % 0.6 % -0.1 % -0.8 % -0.4 %
All items ex. Food and energy
0.4 % 0.6 % 0.2 % -0.1 % -0.4 % -0.1 %
Food & beverages
0.1 % -0.4 % 0.6 % 0.7 % 1.5 % 0.3 %
Food at home
-0.1 % -1.1 % 0.7 % 1 % 2.6 % 0.5 %
Meats poultry fish & eggs
-1.7 % -3.8 % 2 % 3.7 % 4.3 % 0.1 %
Nonalcoholic beverages & beverage materials
0.1 % -0.5 % 0.7 % - % 2.9 % 0.9 %
Alcoholic beverages
0.3 % -0.3 % 0.2 % 0.8 % 0.3 % 0.5 %
Food away from home
0.3 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.4 % 0.1 % 0.2 %
             
Housing
0.2 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.2 % - % - %
Shelter
0.1 % 0.2 % 0.1 % 0.2 % - % - %
Lodging away from home
-11.4 % 1.2 % 1.2 % -1.5 % -7.1 % -6.8 %
Fuels & utilities
0.1 % 0.2 % 0.1 % -0.4 % -0.2 % -0.6 %
Household energy
-0.1 % 0.1 % 0.1 % -0.6 % -0.4 % -0.9 %
Fuel oil & other fuels
3.9 % 4.3 % 10.2 % -6.3 % -15.6 % -13.7 %
Energy services
-0.2 % - % -0.2 % -0.5 % 0.1 % -0.5 %
Water & sewer & trash collection
3.4 % 0.4 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.1 % 0.3 %
Household furnishings & operations
0.9 % 0.5 % 0.4 % 0.4 % 0.5 % -0.1 %
             
Apparel
0.6 % 1.1 % 1.7 % -2.3 % -4.7 % -2 %
Mens & boys apparel
-4.7 % 0.5 % 2.4 % -2.8 % -4.6 % 0.2 %
Womens & girls apparel
-8.7 % 1.3 % 0.9 % -2.9 % -5.4 % -3 %
Infants & toddlers apparel
-2.8 % 0.8 % 6.5 % -0.5 % -3.7 % -4.3 %
Footwear
-3.9 % 1.2 % 1.4 % -1.5 % -3.9 % -2.8 %
             
Transportation
1.3 % 2.9 % 2.5 % -1.8 % -5.9 % -2.9 %
Private transportation
1.5 % 2.9 % 2.6 % -1.7 % -5.6 % -2.4 %
New & used motor vehicles
1.9 % 1.3 % -0.2 % - % -0.3 % -0.1 %
New vehicles
- % 0.8 % - % 0.3 % - % -0.4 %
Used cars & trucks
5.4 % 2.3 % -1.2 % -0.4 % -0.4 % 0.8 %
Motor fuel
2 % 5.5 % 12 % -3.5 % -20.4 % -10.4 %
Gasoline all types
2 % 5.6 % 12.3 % -3.5 % -20.6 % -10.5 %
Motor vehicle parts & equipment
0.9 % 0.5 % 0.4 % 0.4 % 0.5 % -0.1 %
Motor vehicle maintenance & repair
0.6 % -0.1 % 0.1 % 0.4 % 0.1 % 0.6 %
Public transportation
-17.5 % 3.4 % - % -3.8 % -9.4 % -8.5 %
             
Medical care
0.1 % 0.4 % 0.4 % 0.5 % 0.4 % 0.4 %
Medical care commodities
-0.1 % - % 0.2 % 0.1 % -0.1 % - %
Medical care services
0.1 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.6 % 0.5 % 0.5 %
Professional services
2.3 % 0.5 % 0.3 % 0.7 % - % 0.3 %
Hospital & related services
0.1 % 0.2 % 0.7 % 0.1 % 0.5 % 0.4 %
               
Recreation
-0.4 % 0.5 % -0.1 % - % -0.9 % -0.8 %
Video & audio
0.6 % 1.1 % -0.1 % 0.2 % 0.4 % 0.1 %
             
Education & communication
0.1 % 1.1 % -0.1 % 0.1 % 0.1 % 0.1 %
Education
-4.8 % -0.5 % -0.6 % -0.1 % 0.2 % 0.4 %
Educational books & supplies
-1.3 % 0.2 % -0.7 % 0.3 % 1 % 0.2 %
Tuition other school fees & childcare
1.9 % 0.2 % - % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.3 %
             
Communication
0.5 % 1.9 % -0.3 % - % 0.1 % - %
Information & information processing
0.5 % 1.9 % -0.3 % - % 0.1 % - %
Telephone services
5 % 3 % - % - % 0.2 % - %
Information technology hardware & services
0.2 % - % -0.5 % - % -0.2 % -0.1 %
Personal computers & peripheral equi.
- % - % - % - % - % - %
             
Other goods & services
-0.2 % 0.3 % 0.4 % -0.1 % -0.1 % 0.3 %
Tobacco & smoking products
0.4 % 0.8 % 1.1 % -0.2 % -0.4 % 1 %
Personal care
-0.3 % 0.2 % 0.2 % -0.1 % - % 0.1 %
Personal care products
-0.5 % 0.6 % -0.5 % -0.4 % -0.1 % -0.1 %
Personal care services
4.8 % 1.5 % - % 0.2 % - % 0.1 %
Miscellaneous personal services
1.6 % -0.1 % - % - % -0.3 % 0.1 %
Commodities
0.8 % 0.6 % 1.2 % -0.1 % -1.6 % -1 %
Energy index
0.9 % 2.5 % 5.1 % -1.8 % -10.1 % -5.8 %

Source: Department of Labor




       
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