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CPI down but core up

CPI U.S. Economy



Decline in commodity prices led the decrease in U.S. consumer prices.
In December consumer price index declined by -0.1 % on the seasonally adjusted basis. CPI advanced by 1.9 % for the year, as the core rate increased on the higher rate than total consumer prices.

Since consumer spending is the main source of domestic growth, flat or declining retail sales are generally a negative sign.

Core CPI the measure of retail-level inflation that strips out food and energy prices to get a better handle on underlying inflationary trends, increased on the same pace like in previous month by 0.2 % on the seasonally adjusted basis.
Some economists prefer core cpi over the total CPI, because they believe it provides a better idea of longer-term inflationary trends.
Core rate of consumer price inflation grew by 2.2 % over the past 12 months.


Fuels & Transportation
Energy deteriorated by -3.5 % on the seasonally adjusted basis, over the past 12 months, energy decreased by -0.3 %.

CPI Fuel The Consumer Price Index for Transportation fell by -2.00 %, from Nov. 2018 and went up by 0.70 %, from Dec. 2017.

New vehicles remained unchanged from Nov. 2018 and fell by -0.30 %, from Dec. 2017.

Gasoline all types decreased by -7.50 %, from Nov. 2018 and fell by -2.10 %, from Dec. 2017. Public transportation decreased by -0.90 %, from Nov. 2018 and fell by -1.70 %, from Dec. 2017.


0.00% -1.80% 1.40% -3.00% 0.30% 2.00% 0.50% 3.70%

Housing & Apparel   Food
Prices for housing have increased by higher rate than in previous period, housing surged by 0.4 % on the seasonally adjusted basis, energy services rose the most, by 1.8 %. Prices for housing jumped by 3 % for the year.


Apparel prices have increased by higher rate than in previous period, housing remained unchanged on the seasonally adjusted basis, energy services rose the most, by 1.8 %. Over the past 12 months, prices for apparel decreased by -0.1 %.


Food & beverages prices continue to grow by higher rate, food prices surged by 0.4 % on the seasonally adjusted basis. Food prices advanced by 1.6 % for the year.



Consumer Price Index Y/Y
Consumer Price Indexes
CPI by Category
(from the same month a year ago change, % )
Dec. 2018
final
Nov. 2018
final
Oct. 2018
final
Sep. 2018
final
Aug. 2018
final
July 2018
final
All Items
1.9 % 2.2 % 2.5 % 2.3 % 2.7 % 2.9 %
All items ex. Food and energy
2.2 % 2.2 % 2.1 % 2.2 % 2.2 % 2.4 %
Food & beverages
1.6 % 1.4 % 1.2 % 1.4 % 1.4 % 1.4 %
Food at home
0.6 % 0.4 % 0.1 % 0.4 % 0.5 % 0.4 %
Meats poultry fish & eggs
-0.4 % 0.4 % -0.2 % 0.5 % 1.1 % 0.9 %
Nonalcoholic beverages & beverage materials
1.4 % 1 % 0.9 % 0.6 % 0.2 % -0.3 %
Alcoholic beverages
1.8 % 1.8 % 1.7 % 1.6 % 1.4 % 1.5 %
Food away from home
2.8 % 2.6 % 2.5 % 2.6 % 2.6 % 2.8 %
             
Housing
3 % 2.9 % 2.8 % 2.7 % 2.9 % 2.9 %
Shelter
3.2 % 3.2 % 3.2 % 3.3 % 3.4 % 3.5 %
Lodging away from home
0.7 % -1 % -2.4 % 0.6 % 2.4 % 5.1 %
Fuels & utilities
2.1 % 1.4 % 1.5 % 0.5 % 1.3 % 0.9 %
Household energy
1.4 % 0.5 % 0.9 % -0.4 % 0.5 % 0.1 %
Fuel oil & other fuels
1.9 % 16.1 % 26.2 % 23.4 % 30.9 % 34.7 %
Energy services
1.4 % - % 0.1 % -1.2 % -0.4 % -1 %
Water & sewer & trash collection
4.5 % 0.1 % 3.6 % 3.6 % 3.8 % 3.6 %
Household furnishings & operations
2.1 % 1.7 % 1.5 % 1.1 % 0.8 % 0.8 %
             
Apparel
-0.1 % -0.4 % -0.4 % -0.6 % -1.4 % 0.3 %
Mens & boys apparel
1.7 % 2.2 % 2.3 % 0.9 % -1.4 % 1.4 %
Womens & girls apparel
-1.3 % 1.4 % -2.2 % -1 % -2.9 % -1.3 %
Infants & toddlers apparel
5.7 % 1.8 % 4 % 1.1 % 5.2 % 7.5 %
Footwear
-0.1 % -1.4 % -0.7 % -0.8 % 0.3 % 0.5 %
             
Transportation
0.7 % 2.9 % 5.4 % 3.7 % 6.4 % 7.3 %
Private transportation
0.9 % 3.2 % 5.9 % 4 % 6.9 % 8 %
New & used motor vehicles
0.8 % 1.4 % 1 % 0.4 % 1.2 % 1 %
New vehicles
-0.3 % 0.3 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.3 % 0.2 %
Used cars & trucks
1.4 % 2.3 % 0.4 % -1.5 % 1.3 % 0.8 %
Motor fuel
-1.9 % 5.2 % 16.2 % 9.2 % 20.3 % 25.4 %
Gasoline all types
-2.1 % 5 % 16.1 % 9.1 % 20.3 % 25.4 %
Motor vehicle parts & equipment
2.1 % 1.7 % 1.5 % 1.1 % 0.8 % 0.8 %
Motor vehicle maintenance & repair
2.3 % 2.7 % 2 % 2.2 % 2.3 % 2.3 %
Public transportation
-1.7 % 0.4 % -0.5 % -0.2 % -0.1 % -1.5 %
             
Medical care
2 % 2 % 1.7 % 1.7 % 1.5 % 1.9 %
Medical care commodities
-0.5 % 0.6 % 0.7 % 0.7 % 0.3 % 0.4 %
Medical care services
2.6 % 2.4 % 1.9 % 2 % 1.9 % 2.3 %
Professional services
1 % 0.2 % 0.8 % 0.9 % 0.8 % 1.4 %
Hospital & related services
3.7 % 3.5 % 3.3 % 3.8 % 4.2 % 4.6 %
               
Recreation
- % - % - % - % - % - %
Video & audio
- % -0.4 % -0.6 % -0.7 % -0.8 % -0.8 %
             
Education & communication
0.2 % 0.2 % 0.9 % 1.2 % 1.2 % 1 %
Education
-3.3 % 0.2 % -3.3 % -1.9 % -3.1 % -4 %
Educational books & supplies
1 % -0.3 % 0.7 % 1.8 % 1 % 1.9 %
Tuition other school fees & childcare
2.7 % 0.1 % 2.6 % 2.6 % 2.8 % 2.2 %
             
Communication
-1.8 % -1.7 % -0.4 % 0.1 % - % 0.1 %
Information & information processing
-1.9 % -1.8 % -0.5 % 0.1 % -0.1 % - %
Telephone services
-2.4 % 0.1 % -0.2 % 0.4 % 0.4 % 0.8 %
Information technology hardware & services
-0.9 % -1.3 % -1.1 % -0.5 % -1.2 % -1.7 %
Personal computers & peripheral equi.
-3 % 1.1 % -4 % -2.6 % -4.4 % -6.4 %
             
Other goods & services
- % - % - % - % - % - %
Tobacco & smoking products
3.4 % 3.4 % 3.2 % 3.2 % 3.3 % 3.1 %
Personal care
1.8 % 1.8 % 1.5 % 1.9 % 1.9 % 1.8 %
Personal care products
-0.4 % 0.1 % -0.4 % - % 0.4 % -0.2 %
Personal care services
3.6 % 0.1 % 3.1 % 2.6 % 2.4 % 3 %
Miscellaneous personal services
4.7 % 0.2 % 4.4 % 4 % 3.8 % 3.6 %
Commodities
0.4 % 1.2 % 2.2 % 1.5 % 2.5 % 3 %
Energy index
-0.3 % 3.1 % 8.9 % 4.8 % 10.2 % 12.1 %


Consumer Price Index M/M
Consumer Price Indexes
CPI
(Month on Month change, % )
Dec. 2018
final
Nov. 2018
final
Oct. 2018
final
Sep. 2018
final
Aug. 2018
final
July 2018
final
All Items
-0.1 % - % 0.3 % 0.1 % 0.2 % 0.2 %
All items ex. Food and energy
0.2 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.1 % 0.1 % 0.2 %
Food & beverages
0.4 % 0.2 % -0.1 % - % 0.1 % 0.1 %
Food at home
0.3 % 0.2 % -0.2 % -0.1 % - % 0.2 %
Meats poultry fish & eggs
- % 0.3 % - % -1 % 0.1 % 0.3 %
Nonalcoholic beverages & beverage materials
0.3 % -0.4 % 0.2 % 0.6 % 0.2 % - %
Alcoholic beverages
- % 0.3 % 0.1 % 0.5 % - % -0.1 %
Food away from home
0.4 % 0.3 % 0.1 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.1 %
             
Housing
0.4 % 0.3 % 0.3 % 0.1 % 0.3 % 0.2 %
Shelter
0.3 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.3 % 0.3 %
Lodging away from home
2.7 % -2.1 % -2.1 % -1 % 0.6 % 0.4 %
Fuels & utilities
1 % 0.5 % 1.3 % -0.6 % 0.5 % -0.2 %
Household energy
1.3 % 0.3 % 1.7 % -0.8 % 0.6 % -0.3 %
Fuel oil & other fuels
-11.4 % -2.9 % 3.7 % 0.3 % 2.2 % 1.2 %
Energy services
1.8 % 0.4 % 1.7 % -0.8 % 0.4 % -0.4 %
Water & sewer & trash collection
0.3 % 0.3 % 0.3 % 0.1 % 0.3 % 0.2 %
Household furnishings & operations
0.3 % 0.1 % 0.3 % 0.2 % - % 0.3 %
             
Apparel
- % -0.9 % 0.1 % 0.9 % -1.6 % -0.3 %
Mens & boys apparel
-0.6 % 1.7 % 1.7 % 2.2 % -2.1 % 0.6 %
Womens & girls apparel
0.2 % -1.3 % -1.3 % 1.4 % -1.7 % -1.8 %
Infants & toddlers apparel
1.2 % 0.8 % 0.8 % 1.8 % -2.7 % -2.4 %
Footwear
- % -0.3 % -0.3 % -1.4 % -0.6 % 1.1 %
             
Transportation
-2 % -0.8 % 1.1 % -0.3 % 0.9 % 0.3 %
Private transportation
-2 % -0.8 % 1.2 % -0.4 % 0.9 % 0.2 %
New & used motor vehicles
- % 0.8 % 0.7 % -1.1 % 0.1 % 0.7 %
New vehicles
- % - % -0.2 % -0.1 % - % 0.3 %
Used cars & trucks
-0.2 % 2.4 % 2.6 % -3 % 0.4 % 1.3 %
Motor fuel
-7.4 % -4.1 % 3 % -0.2 % 3 % -0.6 %
Gasoline all types
-7.5 % -4.2 % 3 % -0.2 % 3 % -0.6 %
Motor vehicle parts & equipment
0.3 % 0.1 % 0.3 % 0.2 % - % 0.3 %
Motor vehicle maintenance & repair
-0.1 % 0.4 % 0.2 % 0.5 % 0.3 % 0.1 %
Public transportation
-0.9 % -0.1 % -0.1 % 0.4 % 1.3 % 1.7 %
             
Medical care
0.3 % 0.4 % 0.2 % 0.2 % -0.2 % -0.2 %
Medical care commodities
-0.2 % 0.4 % -0.1 % -0.1 % -0.3 % -1.1 %
Medical care services
0.4 % 0.4 % 0.2 % 0.2 % -0.2 % 0.1 %
Professional services
0.1 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.2 % -0.3 % -0.1 %
Hospital & related services
0.5 % 0.5 % - % -0.3 % -0.1 % 0.4 %
               
Recreation
1.3 % -0.5 % -0.5 % -0.6 % -0.5 % 0.2 %
Video & audio
0.2 % 0.1 % -0.1 % 0.6 % 0.5 % 0.1 %
             
Education & communication
0.1 % -0.5 % -0.1 % 0.1 % 0.2 % 0.2 %
Education
0.7 % -1.5 % -1.5 % 0.2 % 0.1 % -0.9 %
Educational books & supplies
1.1 % -0.8 % -0.8 % -0.3 % -2.1 % 0.3 %
Tuition other school fees & childcare
0.2 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.1 % 0.7 % 0.3 %
             
Communication
- % -1.1 % -0.4 % 0.2 % -0.2 % 0.2 %
Information & information processing
- % -1.2 % -0.4 % 0.2 % -0.2 % 0.2 %
Telephone services
-0.1 % -0.2 % -0.2 % 0.1 % -0.4 % 0.1 %
Information technology hardware & services
0.3 % -0.4 % -0.8 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.4 %
Personal computers & peripheral equi.
1.4 % -1.6 % -1.6 % 1.1 % 1.4 % -2 %
             
Other goods & services
-0.1 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.1 % - % - %
Tobacco & smoking products
-0.4 % 0.4 % 1.3 % 0.3 % 0.1 % 0.1 %
Personal care
-0.1 % 0.3 % -0.1 % 0.1 % -0.1 % - %
Personal care products
- % -0.2 % -0.2 % 0.1 % - % 0.1 %
Personal care services
0.4 % 0.6 % 0.6 % 0.1 % -0.1 % 0.1 %
Miscellaneous personal services
0.1 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.2 % 0.2 % 0.2 %
Commodities
-0.7 % -0.3 % 0.5 % -0.2 % 0.2 % - %
Energy index
-3.5 % -2.2 % 2.4 % -0.5 % 1.9 % -0.5 %

Source: Department of Labor




     
       
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