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Hardinge Inc.  (HDNG)
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    Sector  Capital Goods    Industry Industrial Machinery and Components

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Hardinge Inc. Segments


Business Segments II. Quarter
(in millions $)
(Jun 30 2017)
(of total Revenues)
II. Quarter
(in millions $)
(Jun 30 2017)
(Profit Margin)
78.20 100 % 2.52 3.23 %

• View Income Statement • View Competition by Segment • View Annual Report

Growth rates by Segment II. Quarter
Y/Y Revenue
(Jun 30 2017)
Q/Q Revenue
II. Quarter
Y/Y Income
(Jun 30 2017)
Q/Q Income
15.3 % 21.13 % - -

• View Growth rates • View Competitors Segment Growth • View Market Share

To get more information on Hardinge's Total segment. Select each division with the arrow.


Business Segments Description

Metalcutting Machine Solutions (MMS)

This segment includes operations related to grinding, turning, and milling, as discussed below, and related repair parts. The products are considered to be capital goods with sales prices ranging from approximately forty thousand dollars for some standard products to around two million dollars for specialized grinding machines or other specialty built turnkey systems of multiple machines. Sales are subject to economic cycles and, because they are most often purchased to add manufacturing capacity, the cycles can be severe with customers delaying purchases during down cycles and then aggressively requiring machine deliveries during up cycles. Machines are purchased to a lesser extent during down cycles as our customers are looking for productivity improvements or they have new products that require new machining capabilities.

We have been a manufacturer of industrial-use high precision and general precision turning machine tools since 1890. Turning machines, or lathes, are power-driven machines used to remove material from either bar stock or a rough-formed part by moving multiple cutting tools against the surface of a part rotating at very high speeds in a spindle mechanism. The multi-directional movement of the cutting tools allows the part to be shaped to the desired dimensions. On parts produced by our machines, those dimensions are often measured in millionths of an inch. We consider Hardinge to be a leader in the field of producing machines capable of consistently and cost-effectively producing parts to very close dimensions.

Grinding is a machining process in which a part's surface is shaped to closer tolerances with a rotating abrasive wheel or tool when compared with other available metalcutting technologies. Grinding machines can be used to finish parts of various shapes and sizes. The grinding machines of our Kellenberger subsidiary are used to grind the inside and outside diameters of cylindrical parts. Such grinding machines are typically used to provide a more exact finish on a part that has been partially completed on a lathe. The Kellenberger grinding machines are generally purchased by the same type of customers as other Hardinge equipment and further our ability to be a primary source for our customers.

Our Kellenberger precision grinding technology is complemented by our Hauser, Tschudin, Jones & Shipman, Usach, and Voumard grinding brands. Hauser machines are jig grinders used to make demanding contour components, primarily for tool and mold-making applications. Tschudin product technology is focused on the specialized grinding of cylindrical parts when the customer requires high volume production. Our Tschudin machines are generally equipped with automatic loading and unloading mechanisms for the part being machined. These loading and unloading mechanisms significantly reduce the level of involvement a machine operator has to perform in the production process. Our Jones & Shipman brand represents a line of high-quality grinding (surface, creep feed, and cylindrical) machines. These super-abrasive machines and machining systems are used by a diverse range of industries. Usach and Voumard machines are high quality internal diameter cylindrical grinding systems used in production and job shop environments.

Machining centers are designed to remove material from stationary, prismatic or box-like parts of various shapes with rotating tools that are capable of milling, drilling, tapping, reaming and routing. Machining centers have mechanisms that automatically change tools based on commands from a built-in computer control without the assistance of an operator. Machining centers are generally purchased by the same customers who purchase other Hardinge equipment. We supply a broad line of machining centers under our Bridgeport brand name addressing a range of sizes, speeds, and powers.

Our machines are generally computer controlled and use commands from an integrated computer to control the movement of cutting tools, grinding wheels, part positioning, and in the case of turning and grinding machines, the rotation speeds of the part being shaped. The computer control enables the operator to program operations such as part rotation, tooling selection, and tooling movement for a specific part and then stores that program in memory for future use. The machines are able to produce parts while left unattended when connected to automatic bar-feeding, robotics equipment, or other material handling devices designed to supply raw materials and remove machined parts from the machine.

New products are critical to our growth plans. We gain access to new products through internal product development, acquisitions, joint ventures, license agreements, and partnerships. Products are introduced each year to both broaden our product offering, to take advantage of new technologies available to us, and to replace older models nearing the end of their respective product life cycles. These technologies generally allow our machines to run at higher speeds and with more power, thus increasing their efficiency. Customers routinely replace old machines with newer machines that can produce parts faster and with less time to set up the machine when converting from one type of part to another. Generally, our machines can be used to produce parts from all of the standard ferrous and non-ferrous metals, as well as plastics, composites, and exotic materials.

We focus on products and solutions for companies making parts from hard to machine materials with hard to sustain close tolerances and hard to achieve surface finishes that may be hard to hold in the machine. We believe that with our high precision and super precision lathes, our grinding machines, and our rugged machining centers, combined with our accessory products and our technical expertise, we are uniquely qualified to be the supplier of choice for customers manufacturing to demanding specifications.

Multiple options are available on many of our machines, which allows customers to customize their machines to their specific operating performance and cost objectives. We produce machines for stock with popular option combinations for immediate delivery, as well as design and produce machines to specific customer requirements. In addition to our machines, we provide the necessary tooling, accessories, and support services to assist customers in maximizing their return on investment.

The sale of repair parts is important to our business. Certain parts on machines wear out, fail, or need to be replaced due to misuse over time. Customers will buy parts from us throughout the life of the machine, which typically extends over many years. There are thousands of machines in operation in the world for which we provide those repair parts and in many cases the parts are available exclusively from us.

We offer various warranties on our equipment and consider post-sale support to be a critical element of our business. Warranties on machines typically extend for twelve months after purchase. Services provided include operation and maintenance training, in-field maintenance, and in-field repair. We offer these post sales support services on a paid basis throughout the life of the machine. In territories covered by distributors, this support and service is offered through the distributor.

Aftermarket Tooling and Accessories (ATA)

This segment includes products that are purchased by manufacturers throughout the lives of their machines. The selling prices of these units are relatively low per piece with prices ranging from fifty dollars on high volume collets to fifty thousand dollars or more for specialty chucks. While considered to be consumable, these products are more durable in nature, with replacement due to wear over time. Our products are used on all types and brands of machine tools, not limited to our own. Sales levels are affected by manufacturing cycles, but not to the severity of the capital goods lines. While customers may not purchase large dollar machines during a down cycle, their factories are operating with their existing equipment and therefore accessories are still needed as they wear out or they are needed for a change in production requirements.

The two primary product groups in ATA are collets and chucks. Collets are cone-shaped metal sleeves used for holding circular or rod like pieces in a lathe or other machine that provide effective part holding and accurate part location during machining operations. Chucks are a specialized clamping device used to hold an object with radial symmetry, especially a cylindrical object. It is most commonly used to hold a rotating work piece. Some of our specialty chucks can also hold irregularly shaped objects that lack radial symmetry. While our products are known for accuracy and durability, they are consumable in nature.

In May of 2013, the Company acquired Forkardt, a global provider of specialty chucks. Forkardt is based in Traverse City, Michigan with operations in the United States, Europe, and Asia that provide unique solutions for demanding workholding applications. This acquisition positions Hardinge as one of the largest manufacturers of rotating workholding solutions in the world. In December of 2013, we divested the Forkardt Swiss operations due to potential customer conflicts.

We offer an extensive line of workholding and toolholding solutions that are available in tens of thousands of shapes and sizes to meet unique customer application needs. These solutions can be used on virtually all types and brands of metalcutting machines, as well as non-traditional uses in many industrial applications. The Company continues to explore opportunities to expand this business organically and through acquisitions.


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