The Goldman Sachs Group Inc.  (GS)
Other Ticker:  
    Sector  Financial    Industry Investment Services
   Industry Investment Services
   Sector  Financial

The Goldman Sachs Group Inc. Segments

Total Investment Banking
   13.23 % of total Revenue
I.B. Financial Advisory
   13.23 % of total Revenue
I.B. Equity Underwriting
   9.11 % of total Revenue
I.B. Debt Underwriting
   9.11 % of total Revenue
Institutional Client Services
   52.55 % of total Revenue
I.C.S. Fixed Inc. Currency & Commodities
   23.9 % of total Revenue
I.C.S. Equities
   28.66 % of total Revenue
Asset Mgmt.
   23.26 % of total Revenue
Investing & Lending
   10.96 % of total Revenue
I.L. Equity securities
   6.05 % of total Revenue
I.L. Debt securities
   4.91 % of total Revenue

Business Segments (Sep. 30, 2015)
(in millions $)
III. Quarter
(of total Revenues)
(Sep. 30, 2015)
(in millions $)
III. Quarter
(Profit Margin)
Total Investment Banking
809.00 13.23 % 768.00 94.93 %
I.B. Financial Advisory
809.00 13.23 % 0.00 -
I.B. Equity Underwriting
557.00 9.11 % 0.00 -
I.B. Debt Underwriting
557.00 9.11 % 0.00 -
Institutional Client Services
3,213.00 52.55 % 691.00 21.51 %
I.C.S. Fixed Inc. Currency & Commodities
1,461.00 23.9 % 0.00 -
I.C.S. Equities
1,752.00 28.66 % 0.00 -
Asset Mgmt.
1,422.00 23.26 % 300.00 21.1 %
Investing & Lending
670.00 10.96 % 312.00 46.57 %
I.L. Equity securities
370.00 6.05 % 0.00 -
I.L. Debt securities
300.00 4.91 % 0.00 -
6,114.00 100 % 2,071.00 33.87 %

• View Income Statement • View Competition by Segment • View Annual Report

Growth rates by Segment (Sep. 30, 2015)
Y/Y Revenue
III. Quarter
Q/Q Revenue
(Sep. 30, 2015)
Y/Y Income
III. Quarter
Q/Q Income
Total Investment Banking
-44.74 % -59.93 % 16.54 % -10.9 %
I.B. Financial Advisory
36.2 % -1.46 % - -
I.B. Equity Underwriting
30.75 % -7.63 % - -
I.B. Debt Underwriting
25.45 % -7.63 % - -
Institutional Client Services
-14.82 % -10.77 % -41.79 % -11.97 %
I.C.S. Fixed Inc. Currency & Commodities
-32.67 % -8.92 % - -
I.C.S. Equities
9.36 % -12.27 % - -
Asset Mgmt.
-2.54 % -13.71 % -16.2 % -7.12 %
Investing & Lending
-60.4 % -62.8 % -71.66 % -67.09 %
I.L. Equity securities
-57.76 % -70.49 % - -
I.L. Debt securities
-50.5 % -45.16 % - -
-27.1 % -32.58 % -37.34 % -29.03 %

• View Growth rates • View Competitors Segment Growth • View Market Share

To get more information on The Goldman Sachs Group's Total Investment Banking, I.B. Financial Advisory, I.B. Equity Underwriting, I.B. Debt Underwriting, Institutional Client Services, I.C.S. Fixed Inc. Currency & Commodities, I.C.S. Equities, Asset Mgmt., Investing & Lending, I.L. Equity securities, I.L. Debt securities, Total segment. Select each division with the arrow.

  The Goldman Sachs Group's

Business Segments Description

Investment Banking

We provide a broad range of investment banking services to a diverse group of corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals and seek to develop and maintain long-term relationships with these clients as their lead investment bank.

Our current structure, which is organized by regional, industry and product groups, seeks to combine client-focused investment bankers with execution and industry expertise. Because our businesses are global, we have adapted our organization to meet the demands of our clients in each geographic region. Through our commitment to teamwork, we believe that we provide services in an integrated fashion for the benefit of our clients.

Our Investment Banking segment is divided into two components:

• Financial Advisory. Financial Advisory includes advisory assignments with respect to mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, corporate defense activities, restructurings and spin-offs; and

• Underwriting. Underwriting includes public offerings and private placements of equity and debt instruments.

Financial Advisory

Goldman Sachs is a leading investment bank in worldwide mergers and acquisitions. Our mergers and acquisitions capabilities are evidenced by our significant share of assignments in large, complex transactions for which we provide multiple services, including “one-stop” acquisition financing and cross-border structuring expertise, as well as services in other areas of the firm, such as currency hedging.


We underwrite a wide range of securities and other financial instruments, including common and preferred stock, convertible and exchangeable securities, investment-grade debt, high-yield debt, sovereign and emerging market debt, municipal debt, bank loans, asset-backed securities and real estate-related securities, such as mortgage-backed securities and the securities of real estate investment trusts.

Equity Underwriting. Equity underwriting has been a long-term core strength of Goldman Sachs. As with mergers and acquisitions, we have been particularly successful in winning mandates for large, complex equity underwritings. We believe our leadership in worldwide initial public offerings and worldwide public common stock offerings reflects our expertise in complex transactions, prior experience and distribution capabilities.

Debt Underwriting. We engage in the underwriting and origination of various types of debt instruments, including investment-grade debt securities, high-yield debt securities, bank and bridge loans and emerging market debt securities, which instruments may be issued by, among others, corporate, sovereign and agency issuers. In addition, we underwrite and originate structured securities, which include asset-backed and mortgage-backed securities and collateralized debt obligations. We have employed a focused approach in debt underwriting, emphasizing high value-added areas in servicing our clients.

Trading and Principal Investments

Trading and Principal Investments facilitates customer transactions with a diverse group of corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals and takes proprietary positions through market making in, and trading of, fixed income and equity products, currencies, commodities and derivatives on such products. In addition, we engage in floor-based and electronic market making as a specialist on U.S. equities and options exchanges and we clear customer transactions on major stock, options and futures exchanges worldwide. In connection with our merchant banking and other investment activities, we make principal investments directly and through funds that we raise and manage.

In order to meet the needs of our clients, Trading and Principal Investments is diversified across a wide range of products. We believe our willingness and ability to take risk distinguishes us from many of our competitors and substantially enhances our client relationships.

Our Trading and Principal Investments segment is divided into three components:

• Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities. We make markets in and trade interest rate and credit products, mortgage-backed securities and loans, currencies and commodities, structure and enter into a wide variety of derivative transactions, and engage in proprietary trading;

• Equities. We make markets in, act as a specialist for, and trade equities and equity-related products, structure and enter into equity derivative transactions, and engage in proprietary trading. We also execute and clear customer transactions on major stock, options and futures exchanges worldwide; and

• Principal Investments. Principal Investments primarily represents net revenues from our merchant banking investments, including the increased share of the income and gains derived from our merchant banking funds when the return on a fund’s investments exceeds certain threshold returns (merchant banking overrides), as well as unrealized gains or losses on our investment in the convertible preferred stock of Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group, Inc. (SMFG).

Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities and Equities

FICC and Equities are large and diversified operations through which we engage in a variety of customer-driven and proprietary trading activities.

In their customer-driven businesses, FICC and Equities strive to deliver high-quality service by offering broad market-making and market knowledge to our clients on a global basis. In addition, we use our expertise to take positions in markets, often by committing capital and taking risk, to facilitate customer transactions and provide liquidity. Our willingness to make markets in a broad range of fixed income, currency, commodity and equity products and their derivatives is crucial both to our client relationships and to support our underwriting business by providing secondary market liquidity.

We generate trading net revenues from our customer-driven businesses in three ways.

• First, in large, highly liquid markets, we undertake a high volume of transactions for modest spreads and fees.

• Second, by capitalizing on our strong market relationships and capital position, we undertake transactions in less liquid markets where spreads and fees are generally larger.

• Finally, we generate net revenues from structuring and executing transactions that address complex client needs.

In our proprietary activities in both FICC and Equities, we assume a variety of risks and devote resources to identify, analyze and benefit from these exposures. We leverage our strong proprietary research capabilities and capitalize on our analytical models to analyze information and make informed trading judgments. For example, as part of our FICC credit and mortgage products businesses, we have expanded and expect to continue to expand the extent to which we make principal investments in portfolios and single issues of distressed debt as well as other special situation investments. In our proprietary activities, we seek to benefit from perceived disparities in the value of assets in the trading markets and from macroeconomic and company-specific trends.

Although FICC and Equities involve distinct product areas, we have recently increased coordination among their businesses. Among the steps we have taken are to integrate, to an increasing extent, management of FICC and Equities and to integrate the facilities and personnel of some of our FICC and Equities businesses, especially in Europe and Asia. We have also merged substantially all of our risk management functions for FICC and Equities. We expect to continue to increase the integration and coordination of these businesses in the future, as we respond to what we believe is client demand for more centralized services and as we attempt to take advantage of perceived synergies.

We believe that our trading and market-making capabilities are key ingredients to our success. While these businesses have generally earned attractive returns, we have in the past incurred significant trading losses in periods of market turbulence, such as in 1994 and the second half of 1998, and from time to time in connection with large block trades.

In both our customer-driven and proprietary activities in FICC and Equities, we manage our exposure to credit and other financial risks on a global basis across all our products. Our trading risk management process seeks to balance our ability to profit from trading positions with our exposure to potential losses. As part of this process, we analyze not only market risk but also credit and other financial risks. Risk management includes input from all levels of Goldman Sachs, from the trading desks to the Firmwide Risk Committee.

FICC. FICC’s principal businesses are:

• Commodities and commodity derivatives, including our power generation business;

• Credit products, including investment-grade corporate securities, high-yield securities, bank loans, municipal securities, credit derivatives and emerging market debt;

• Currencies and currency derivatives;

• Interest rate products, including interest rate derivatives and global government securities;

• Money market instruments, including the matched book; and

• Mortgage-backed securities and loans.

A core activity in FICC is market making in a broad array of securities and products. For example, we are a primary dealer in many of the largest government bond markets around the world, including the United States, Japan and the United Kingdom. We are a member of the major futures exchanges, and also have interbank dealer status in the currency markets in New York, London, Tokyo and Hong Kong.

Our FICC research capabilities enhance our ability to provide high-quality products and service to our clients and include quantitative and qualitative analyses of global economic, currency and financial market trends, as well as credit analyses of corporate and sovereign fixed income securities.

As part of our commodities business, we recently acquired equity interests in East Coast Power L.L.C. and Cogentrix Energy, Inc., companies engaged in the power generation business.

Equities. Our Equities principal businesses are:

• Equities Products Group;

• Exchange-Based Trading; and

• Principal Strategies.

Equities Products Group. Our equities products group (EPG) includes primarily customer-driven activities in the shares, convertible securities and derivatives businesses of the firm. These activities also include clearing client transactions on major stock, options and futures exchanges worldwide.

We trade equity securities and equity-related products (such as convertible securities, options, futures and over-the counter (OTC) derivative instruments) on a global basis as an agent, as a market maker or otherwise as a principal. As a principal, we facilitate customer transactions, often by committing capital and taking risk, to provide liquidity to clients with large blocks of stocks or options. For example, we are active in the execution of large block trades (trades of 50,000 or more shares).

We are a member of most of the world’s major stock, options and futures exchanges, including those located in New York, Chicago, London, Paris, Frankfurt, Tokyo and Hong Kong. We are a designated market maker in over 3,000 stocks traded on the Nasdaq Stock Market.

In the options and futures markets, we structure, distribute and execute derivatives on market indices, industry groups and individual company stocks to facilitate customer transactions and our proprietary activities. We develop quantitative strategies and render advice with respect to portfolio hedging and restructuring and asset allocation transactions. We also create specially tailored instruments to enable sophisticated investors to undertake hedging strategies and establish or liquidate investment positions. We are one of the leading participants in the trading and development of equity derivative instruments. We are an active participant in the trading of futures and options on most of the major exchanges in the United States, Europe and Asia.

Exchange-Based Trading. Our exchange-based trading business includes our stock, option and exchange traded funds (ETF) specialist businesses. We engage in floor-based and electronic market making as a specialist on U.S. equities and options exchanges. In the United States, for stocks, we are one of the leading specialists on the NYSE. For options, we are a specialist on the American Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, the International Securities Exchange and the Philadelphia Stock Exchange. For ETFs, we are a specialist on the American Stock Exchange and the NYSE.

Principal Strategies. Our equities principal strategies business includes equity arbitrage, as well as other proprietary trading in equity and related securities, including convertible securities and derivatives. Equity arbitrage includes, among other strategies, relative value trading (which involves trading strategies to take advantage of perceived discrepancies in the relative value of financial instruments, including debt and equity instruments), statistical arbitrage (which involves trading strategies based on analyses of historical price relationships among sectors of the equities markets) and risk arbitrage (which focuses on event-oriented special situations such as corporate restructurings, recapitalizations, mergers and acquisitions and legal and regulatory events).

Principal Investments

In connection with our merchant banking activities, we invest by making principal investments directly and through funds that we raise and manage. Principal investments also includes our investment in the convertible preferred stock of SMFG, which we acquired on February 7, 2003.

Asset Management and Securities Services

The components of the Asset Management and Securities Services segment, are set forth below:

• Asset Management. Asset Management provides investment advisory and financial planning services to a diverse client base of institutions and individuals and generates revenues in the form of management and incentive fees; and

• Securities Services. Securities Services includes prime brokerage, financing services and securities lending, all of which generate revenues primarily in the form of interest rate spreads or fees.


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