Air Products And Chemicals Inc   (APD)
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Air Products And Chemicals Inc Segments

Industrial Gases
   79.32 % of total Revenue
Materials Technologies
   20.68 % of total Revenue

Business Segments (Sep. 30, 2015)
(in millions $)
IV. Quarter
(of total Revenues)
(Sep. 30, 2015)
(in millions $)
IV. Quarter
(Profit Margin)
Industrial Gases
1,880.00 79.32 % 402.20 21.39 %
Materials Technologies
490.00 20.68 % 116.40 23.76 %
2,370.00 100 % 518.60 21.88 %

• View Income Statement • View Competition by Segment • View Annual Report

Growth rates by Segment (Sep. 30, 2015)
Y/Y Revenue
IV. Quarter
Q/Q Revenue
(Sep. 30, 2015)
Y/Y Income
IV. Quarter
Q/Q Income
Industrial Gases
73.18 % 2.05 % 116.82 % 8.44 %
Materials Technologies
290.75 % -9.23 % 324.82 % -11.48 %
-11.47 % -0.51 % 8.45 % 3.22 %

• View Growth rates • View Competitors Segment Growth • View Market Share

To get more information on Air Products And Chemicals Inc 's Industrial Gases, Materials Technologies, Total segment. Select each division with the arrow.

  Air Products And Chemicals Inc 's

Business Segments Description

Merchant Gases sells industrial gases such as oxygen, nitrogen and argon (primarily recovered by the cryogenic distillation of air), hydrogen and helium (purchased or refined from crude helium), and certain medical and specialty gases throughout the world to customers in many industries, including those in metals, chemical processing, food processing, medical gases, steel, general manufacturing and petroleum industries.

Merchant Gases delivers its products by one of the following three methods:
(1) “liquid bulk” — under which product is delivered in bulk (in liquid or gaseous form) by tanker or tube trailer and stored, usually in its liquid state, in equipment designed and installed by the Company at the customer’s site for vaporizing into a gaseous state as needed. Liquid bulk sales are typically governed by three-to-five year contracts;
(2) “packaged gases” — under which small quantities of product are delivered in either cylinders or dewars. The Company operates packaged gas businesses in Europe, Asia and Brazil; in the United States, its packaged gas business sells products only for the electronics and magnetic resonance imaging (principally helium) industries; and (3) “small on-site plants” — under which customers receive product through small on-sites (cryogenic or non-cryogenic generators) either by a sale of gas contract or the sale of the equipment to the customer.

Electric power is the largest cost component in the production of atmospheric gases — oxygen, nitrogen and argon. Natural gas is also an energy source at a number of the Company’s Merchant Gases facilities. The Company mitigates energy and natural gas prices through pricing formulas and surcharges. A shortage or interruption of electricity or natural gas supply, or a price increase that cannot be passed through to customers, possibly for competitive reasons, may adversely affect the operations or results of Merchant Gases.

Merchant Gases competes in the United States against three global industrial gas companies, L’Air Liquide S.A., Linde AG and Praxair, Inc., and several regional sellers (including Airgas, Inc.). Competition is based primarily on price, reliability of supply and the development of applications for use of industrial gases. Similar competitive situations exist in the European and Asian industrial gas markets in which the Company competes against the three global companies as well as regional competitors.

Tonnage Gases provides hydrogen, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and oxygen principally to the petroleum refining, chemical and metallurgical industries worldwide. Gases are produced at large facilities located adjacent to customers’ facilities or by pipeline systems from centrally-located production facilities and are generally governed by contracts with fifteen-to-twenty year terms. The Company is the world’s largest provider of hydrogen, which is used by oil refiners to facilitate the conversion of heavy crude feedstock and lower the sulfur content of gasoline and diesel fuels to reduce smog and ozone depletion. The metallurgical industry utilizes nitrogen for inerting and oxygen for the manufacture of steel and certain non-ferrous metals, and the chemical industry uses hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide and syngas (a hydrogen-carbon monoxide mixture) as feedstocks in the production of many basic chemicals. The Company delivers product through pipelines from centrally located facilities in the Texas Gulf Coast; Los Angeles, California; Baton Rouge and New Orleans, Louisiana; Alberta, Canada; Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Ulsan, Korea; Tangshan, China; Kuan Yin, Taiwan; Singapore; and Camaçari, Brazil. The Company owns less than controlling interests in pipelines located in Thailand, Singapore and South Africa.
Electric power is the largest cost component in the production of atmospheric gases. Natural gas is also an energy source at a number of Tonnage Gases facilities. The Company mitigates energy and natural gas prices through long-term cost pass-through contracts. Natural gas is the principal raw material for hydrogen, carbon monoxide and syngas production. During fiscal year 2006, no significant difficulties were encountered in obtaining adequate supplies of energy or raw materials.

Tonnage Gases competes in the United States against three global industrial gas companies, L’Air Liquide S.A., Linde AG and Praxair, Inc., and several regional sellers. Competition is based primarily on price, reliability of supply, the development of applications that use industrial gases and, in some cases, provision of other services or products such as power and steam generation. Similar competitive situations exist in the European and Asian industrial gas markets where the Company competes against the three global companies as well as regional competitors.

Electronics and Performance Materials employs applications technology to provide material solutions to a broad range of global industries through chemical synthesis, analytical technology, process engineering and surface science. This segment provides the electronics industry with specialty gases (such as nitrogen trifluoride, silane, arsine, phosphine, white ammonia, silicon tetrafluoride, carbon tetrafluoride, hexafluoromethane, critical etch gases and tungsten hexafluoride), as well as specialty and bulk chemicals, services and equipment for the manufacture of silicon and compound semiconductors, thin film transistor liquid crystal displays and photovoltaic devices. These products are delivered through various supply chain methods, including bulk delivery systems or distribution by pipelines such as those located in California’s Silicon Valley; Phoenix, Arizona; Tainon, Taiwan; Gumi and Giheung, Korea; and Tianjin and Shanghai, China.
Electronics and Performance Materials also provides performance materials for a wide range of products, including coatings, inks, adhesives, civil engineering, personal care, institutional and industrial cleaning, mining, oil refining and polyurethanes, and focuses on the development of new materials aimed at providing unique functionality to emerging markets. Principal performance materials include polyurethane catalysts and other additives for polyurethane foam, epoxy amine curing agents and auxiliary products for epoxy systems and specialty surfactants. To enhance its performance materials capabilities, the Company recently acquired Tomah3 Products, a producer of specialty surfactants and processing aids used primarily in the institutional and industrial cleaning, mining and oil field industries.
The Electronics and Performance Materials segment uses a wide variety of raw materials, including alcohols, etheramines, cyclohexamine, acrylonitriles and glycols.

The Electronics and Performance Materials segment faces competition on a product-by-product basis against competitors ranging from niche suppliers with a single product to larger and more vertically integrated companies. Competition is principally conducted on the basis of price, quality, product performance, reliability of product supply and technical service assistance.

Equipment and Energy designs and manufactures cryogenic and gas processing equipment for air separation (utilizing membrane technology and adsorption technology), hydrocarbon recovery and purification, natural gas liquefaction (known as “LNG”) and helium distribution (cryogenic transportation containers), and serves energy markets in a variety of ways.
Equipment is sold globally to customers in the chemical and petrochemical manufacturing, oil and gas recovery and processing and steel and primary metals processing industries. The segment also provides a broad range of plant design, engineering, procurement and construction management services to its customers.

Energy markets are served through the Company’s operation and partial ownership of cogeneration and flue gas desulphurization facilities and its development of hydrogen as an energy carrier and oxygen-based technologies to serve energy markets in the future. The Company owns and operates cogeneration facilities in Calvert City, Kentucky; Wilmington, California; and Port Arthur, Texas; operates and owns fifty percent interests in a 49-megawatt fluidized-bed coal-fired power generation facility in Stockton, California and a 24-megawatt gas-fired combined-cycle power generation facility near Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and operates and owns a 48.8 percent interest in a 112-megawatt gas-fueled power generation facility in Thailand. The Company also operates and owns a fifty percent interest in a flue gas desulphurization facility in Indiana.

Steel, aluminum and capital equipment subcomponents (such as compressors) are the principal raw materials in the equipment portion of this segment. Adequate raw materials for individual projects are acquired under firm purchase agreements. Coal, petroleum coke and natural gas are the largest cost components in the production of energy. The Company mitigates these cost components, in part, through long-term cost-pass-through contracts. During fiscal year 2006, no significant difficulties were encountered in obtaining adequate supplies of raw materials.

Equipment and Energy competes with a great number of firms for all of its offerings except LNG heat exchangers, for which there are fewer competitors due to the limited market size. Competition is based primarily on technological performance, service, technical know-how, price and performance guarantees.

Healthcare provides respiratory therapies, home medical equipment and infusion services to over 500,000 patients in their homes. The Company operates in fifteen countries, including the United States, and is the market leader in Spain, Portugal, the United Kingdom and Mexico. Its serves patients whose conditions range from chronic lung disease, asthma and emphysema to sleep apnea and diabetes by providing oxygen therapy, pharmacist-managed direct-shipped respiratory medications, home nebulizer therapy, sleep management therapy, anti-infection therapy, enteral nutrition, beds and wheelchairs.

Labor is the largest cost component in this segment. In addition, the Company purchases oxygen concentrators and cylinders, beds, wheelchairs, sleep apnea products and equipment for respiratory therapy from multiple vendors.
The home healthcare market is highly competitive. Competition in the Company’s Healthcare segment involves regulatory compliance, price, quality, service and reliability of supply. Home healthcare in the United States is served by over 2,000 regional and local providers, including Apria Healthcare Group and Lincare Holdings Inc. Reimbursement levels are established by fee schedules regulated by Medicare and Medicaid or by the levels negotiated with insurance companies. Accordingly, in the United States, home healthcare companies compete primarily on the basis of service. The structure of home healthcare in Europe is different from that in the United States. In certain countries in Europe, competitive bidding leads to exclusive supply arrangements for fixed terms. In other European countries, a licensed home healthcare provider competes for customers in a manner similar to that in the U.S. Three large industrial gas companies, L’Air Liquide S.A.,
Linde AG, and Praxair, Inc., represent Healthcare’s principal competitors in Europe. Maintaining competitiveness requires efficient logistics, reimbursement and accounts receivable systems.

Chemicals consists of the Company’s polymer emulsions business, which is currently being marketed to potential buyers, and its polyurethane intermediates business, which is being restructured. In March 2006, the Company announced plans to restructure its chemicals business. Its polyurethane intermediates production facility in Geismer, Louisiana was sold in March 2006, and its amines business divested in September 2006.

Polymers are water-based and water-soluble emulsion products derived primarily from vinyl acetate monomer. The Company’s major emulsions products are AIRFLEX® vinyl acetate-ethylene copolymer emulsions and vinyl acetate homopolymer emulsions, which are used in adhesives, nonwoven fabric binders, paper coatings, paints, inks and carpet backing binder formulations.
The Company produces di-nitrotoluene (“DNT”), which is converted to toluene diamine (“TDA”) and sold for use as an intermediate in the manufacture of a major precursor of flexible polyurethane foam used in furniture cushioning, carpet underlay, bedding and seating in automobiles. Most of the Company’s TDA is sold under long-term contracts to a small number of customers. In 2005, one of these customers closed its facility and another terminated its contract.

The Company employs proprietary technology and scale of production to differentiate its polyurethane intermediates from those of its competitors. The Company also produces nitric acid as a raw material for its intermediates.
The Chemicals segment’s principal raw material purchases are chemical intermediates produced by others from basic petrochemical feedstocks such as olefins and aromatic hydrocarbons, which are generally derived from various crude oil fractions or from liquids extracted from natural gas. The Company purchases its chemical intermediates, which are generally readily available, from many sources and normally is not dependent on one supplier. The Company uses such raw materials in the production of emulsions, polyurethane intermediates, specialty additives, polyurethane additives and epoxy additives. In addition, the Company purchases finished and semi-finished materials and chemical intermediates from many suppliers. The Company also purchases ammonia under long-term contracts as a feedstock for its Pasadena, Texas facility. During fiscal year 2006, no significant difficulties were encountered in obtaining adequate supplies of energy or raw materials.

The Chemicals segment competes against a number of chemical companies, some of which are larger and more vertically integrated than the Company. While competition varies from product to product, the Company believes it has strong market positions in most of its chemical products. The possibility of back integration by large customers is a major competitive factor in the Company’s polyurethane intermediates business. Competition is conducted principally on the basis of price, quality, product performance, reliability of product supply and technical service assistance.


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