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Qualcomm Inc  (QCOM)
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Price: $118.5150 $-1.03 -0.857%
Day's High: $121.37 Week Perf: -4.15 %
Day's Low: $ 120.00 30 Day Perf: -0.58 %
Volume (M): 437 52 Wk High: $ 193.58
Volume (M$): $ 52,883 52 Wk Avg: $145.15
Open: $122.16 52 Wk Low: $101.93



 Market Capitalization (Millions $) 134,838
 Shares Outstanding (Millions) 1,138
 Employees 41,000
 Revenues (TTM) (Millions $) 44,200
 Net Income (TTM) (Millions $) 12,936
 Cash Flow (TTM) (Millions $) -4,017
 Capital Exp. (TTM) (Millions $) 2,262

Qualcomm Inc
In 1989, we publicly introduced the concept that a digital communication technique called CDMA could be commercially successful in wireless communication applications. CDMA stands for Code Division Multiple Access and is one of the three main technologies currently used in digital wireless communications networks. CDMA and the two other main digital wireless communications technologies, TDMA (which stands for Time Division Multiple Access) and GSM (which is a form of TDMA and stands for Global System for Mobile Communications) are the digital technologies used to transmit a wireless phone user’s voice or data over radio waves using the wireless phone operator’s network.

CDMA works by converting speech into digital information, which is then transmitted in the form of a radio signal over the phone network. These digital wireless phone networks are complete phone systems comprised primarily of base stations, or “cells,” which are geographically placed throughout a service or coverage area. Once communication between a wireless phone user and a base station is established, the system detects the movement of the wireless phone user and the communication is handed off to another base station, or cell, as the wireless phone user moves throughout the service area.

Because we led the development of CDMA technology, we own significant intellectual property, including patents, patent applications and trade secrets, that we license to other companies and integrate into our own products. The wireless communications industry generally recognizes that a company seeking to develop, manufacture and/or sell products that use CDMA technology will require a license from us.

From the international perspective, the ITU is the central telecommunication standards setting organization. The ITU is recognized as an impartial, international organization within which governments and the private sector work together to coordinate the operation of telecommunication networks and services to advance the development of communications technology. The ITU’s standardization activities foster the growth of new technologies, such as mobile telephony and the Internet, as well as the emerging global information infrastructure which handles a mix of voice, data and multimedia signals.

The ITU develops internationally-agreed technical and operating standards to foster seamless interconnection of the world’s communication network and systems. As the world of telecommunications, information technology and content provision rapidly converge, the role of the ITU is to forge new recommendations that promote the interoperability of equipment and facilitate the development of communication networks. The ITU’s objective is to identify sound technical recommendations, which are then developed into internationally recognized ITU recommendations.

The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) is the leading U.S. based non-profit trade association serving the communications and information technology industry. Through its worldwide activities, the TIA facilitates business development opportunities and a competitive market environment.

The TIA provides a market-focused forum for its member companies, which manufacture or supply the products and services used in global communications. The TIA facilitates the convergence of new communications networks while working for a competitive and innovative market environment. The TIA is a major contributor of voluntary industry standards that support global trade and commerce in communications products and systems.

Our revenues. We generate revenues by licensing our CDMA technology to other manufacturers of CDMA products (such as wireless phones and the hardware required to establish and operate a CDMA wireless network). Revenues are generated through licensing fees and royalties on CDMA-based products sold by our licensees. We also sell products and services, which include the following, all of which are described in greater detail below:

CDMA-based integrated circuits (also known as chips) and the related software used in wireless phones (also known as subscriber units and handsets) and wireless networks;

Messaging and other services and related equipment and software used by transportation and other companies to communicate with and track their equipment fleets;

Software products and services related to BREW (which stands for Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless), a package of products that enable software developers to create applications, or programs, to run on mobile phones. BREW includes porting tools and technical assistance for device manufacturers and the BREW Distribution System (BDS) that allows for over-the-air distribution of applications to mobile phones and coordinates billing and payment for wireless operators; and

Software and hardware development services.

We make investments to promote the development of new CDMA products as well as the adoption of CDMA by more mobile phone service providers. We also continue to provide products and services to service providers and other customers of Globalstar L.P., a company that operates a worldwide, low-Earth-orbit satellite-based telecommunications system.

Our engineering resources. We have significant engineering resources, including engineers with substantial expertise in CDMA technology. Using these engineering resources, we expect to develop new versions of CDMA, develop new technologies that use CDMA, participate in the formulation of new wireless telecommunications standards that use CDMA and assist in deploying wireless voice and data communications networks around the world.

Our integrated circuits business. We develop and sell CDMA-based integrated circuits and system software for use in wireless phones, wireless networks and global positioning systems (GPS). Our integrated circuits related products include both the integrated circuits for wireless phones and the equipment used to operate the wireless phone network. Because of our broad and unique experience in designing and developing CDMA-based products, we not only design the integrated circuit, but we also design the entire supporting system. This approach enables us to optimize the performance of the wireless phone itself with improved product features, as well as the integration and performance of the network system. Our design of the entire system also allows CDMA systems and devices manufactured by our customers to come to market faster. We provide our integrated circuits and related system software, including reference designs and tools, to many of the world’s leading wireless phone and infrastructure equipment manufacturers. We plan to add additional features and capabilities to our future integrated circuit products to help our customers reduce the costs and size of their products and to simplify our customers’ design processes. We also design and create multimode and multiband integrated circuits incorporating other wireless standards for global roaming markets. In addition, we will continue to provide high quality support to enable our customers to reduce the time required to design their products and bring their products to market faster.

Our asset tracking and messaging business. We design, manufacture and sell equipment and provide two-way messaging services to transportation companies, private fleets and construction equipment fleets throughout parts of the world. These products permit our customers to track the location of their vehicles and to communicate with them en route. These products and services use commercially available satellite and land-based mobile phone technologies to permit this communication. Our customers use these products to communicate with drivers, monitor vehicle location and performance, provide automated driver logs, fuel tax reporting and enhanced customer service. Our products, which collect and transmit this data, are also integrated with our customers’ operations software, such as dispatch, payroll and accounting, so our customers can better manage their information and operations.

Our phone software and related services business. We provide our BREW (Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless) product and services to network operators, handset manufacturers and application developers and support for developing and delivering over-the-air wireless applications and services. The BREW product and services include the BREW SDK (software development kit) for developers, the BREW applications platform (i.e. software programs) and interface tools for device manufacturers, and the BREW Distribution System that enables network operators to get applications from developers to market and coordinate the billing and payment process. The BREW platform is a software application that provides an open, standard platform for wireless devices, which means that BREW can be made to interface with many software applications, including those developed by others. We make the BREW SDK available, free of charge, to any qualified person or company interested in developing a new product for wireless communications. BREW leverages the capabilities available in integrated circuits and system software, enabling our customers to develop feature-rich applications and content while reducing memory and maximizing system performance of the wireless phone itself. BREW can be used on wireless phones and other devices that support wireless technologies other than CDMA, such as GSM/GPRS (General Packet Radio System) and WCDMA.

Competition

Competition in the wireless telecommunications industry in the United States and throughout the world continues to increase at a rapid pace, as businesses and foreign governments realize the market potential of telecommunications services. Many of these current and potential competitors have advantages over us, including:

longer operating histories and presence in key markets;

greater name recognition;

access to larger customer bases; and

greater sales and marketing, manufacturing, distribution, technical and other resources than we have.

As a result of these and other factors, our competitors may be more successful than us. These competitors may have more established relationships and greater technical, marketing, sales and distribution capabilities and greater access to channels in markets not currently deploying wireless communications technology. These competitors also have established or may establish financial or strategic relationships among themselves or with our existing or potential customers, resellers or other third parties. These relationships may affect customers’ decisions to purchase products or license technology from us.

Accordingly, new competitors or alliances among competitors could emerge and rapidly acquire significant market share to our detriment. In addition, many of these companies are licensees of our technology and have established market positions, trade names, trademarks, patents, copyrights, intellectual property rights and substantial technological capabilities. We may face competition throughout the world with new technologies and services introduced in the future as additional competitors enter the market place for products based on 3G standards. Although we intend to employ relatively new technologies, there will be a continuing competitive threat from even newer technologies that may render our technologies obsolete. We also expect that the price we charge for our products and services may continue to decline as competition intensifies.

QUALCOMM CDMA Technologies Segment (QCT)

The markets in which our QCT segment operates are intensely competitive. QCT competes worldwide with a number of United States and international manufacturers. As a result of the trend toward global expansion by foreign and domestic competitors and technological and public policy changes, we anticipate that additional competitors will enter this market. We believe that the principal competitive factors for CDMA integrated circuit providers to our addressed markets are product performance, level of integration, quality, compliance with industry standards, price, time to market, system cost, design and engineering capabilities, new product innovation and customer support. The specific bases on which we compete against alternative CDMA integrated circuit providers vary by product platform. We also compete against alternative wireless communications technologies including, but not limited to, GSM/GPRS, TDMA and analog.

QCT’s current competitors include major semiconductor companies such as Texas Instruments, STMicroelectronics, VIA Telecom, NEC, Infineon and Philips, as well as major telecommunication equipment companies such as Motorola, Nokia, Ericsson and Matsushita. In addition, QCT faces competition from the in-house development efforts of many of our key customers, including Samsung. QCT also faces competition from start-up ventures.

Our competitors may devote a significantly greater amount of their financial, technical, marketing and other resources to aggressively market competitive telecommunications systems or to develop and adopt competitive digital cellular technologies, and those efforts may materially and adversely affect QCT. Moreover, competitors may offer more attractive product pricing or financing terms than we do as a means of gaining access to the wireless telecommunications markets.

We have entered into licensing agreements with certain companies, including Philips, Motorola, Lucent, Texas Instruments, VIA Telecom, PrairieComm, NEC, EoNex Technologies and Infineon. These licenses permit the licensees to manufacture CDMA-based integrated circuits using certain of our intellectual property for sale to CDMA-based phone manufacturers. In exchange for granting the licenses, we are entitled to receive license fees, royalties (payable as a percentage of the selling price of the integrated circuits) and/or royalty-free cross-licenses, which allow us to use these companies’ CDMA and, in some cases, non-CDMA intellectual property for specified purposes. In every case, the phone manufacturers’ sales of CDMA-based phones are subject to the payment of royalties to us on the products into which the integrated circuits are incorporated in accordance with the manufacturers’ separate licensing arrangements with us. We license our CDMA intellectual property to the competitors of our QCT segment to support the deployment of CDMA-based systems and technologies worldwide in order to grow our royalty revenues from customers licensed to sell CDMA phones and equipment. We believe that, if the use of CDMA expands sufficiently, QCT’s business will also grow, even if we lose market share. Also, our QTL segment will receive royalties from sales of CDMA integrated circuits by certain competitors of QCT. To date, most CDMAOne and CDMA2000 phone manufacturer licensees have elected to purchase their CDMA-based integrated circuits from us.

QUALCOMM Technology Licensing Segment (QTL)

As part of our strategy to generate new licensing revenues, significant resources are allocated to develop leading edge technology for the telecommunications industry. We face competition in the development of intellectual property for next-generation digital wireless communications technology and services. There are no guarantees that our technologies will continue to be adopted or we will be able to secure patents for our technology to subsequently license. Furthermore, there are no guarantees that existing systems and applications cannot or will not be replaced by competitors’ technologies, thereby jeopardizing our existing royalty and licensing revenues.

On a worldwide basis, we currently compete primarily with two digital wireless telecommunications technologies, TDMA and GSM/GPRS. TDMA has been deployed primarily in the United States and Latin America. Variations of TDMA have also been deployed in other countries, such as PDC (Personal Digital Cellular) in Japan and PAS (Personal Access System) in China. GSM has been extensively utilized in Europe, much of Asia other than Japan and Korea, and certain other markets. To date, GSM has been more widely adopted than CDMA, and, although CDMA technology has been proposed for all third generation wireless systems, there can be no assurance that wireless communications service providers will select CDMA for their networks or update to any CDMA-based third generation technology.

WCDMA, a technology designed as an alternative to CDMA2000, is currently in the standardization process and has been adopted by several European, Japanese and United States carriers.

QUALCOMM Wireless & Internet Segment (QWI)

Existing competitors of our QWBS division offering alternatives to our OmniTRACS, TruckMAIL, OmniExpress, GlobalTRACS, QConnect, EutelTRACS and LINQ system products are aggressively pricing their products and services and could continue to do so in the future. In addition, these competitors are offering new value-added products and services similar in many cases to our existing or developing technologies. Emergence of new competitors, particularly those offering low cost terrestrial-based products and current as well as future satellite-based systems, may impact margins and intensify competition in new markets. Similarly, some original equipment manufacturers of trucks and truck components are beginning to offer built-in, on-board communications and position location reporting systems that may impact our margins and intensify competition in our current and new markets.

Competitors to our BREW platform are continuing to develop their products with a focus on client, provisioning, and billing products and services. These competitors are attempting to offer value added products and services similar, in many cases, to our existing or developing BREW technologies. In some cases, competitors are continuing to explicitly attempt to displace only certain components or areas of the greater BREW offering, such as only the runtime client/device environment portion of BREW. In addition, certain competitors in the computing industry and device manufacturing space are now beginning to more aggressively attempt to replicate the entire BREW system offering that includes both runtime device environments and billing/distribution systems. Similarly, some carriers are creating internally developed solutions by piecing together several components or are being pressured by governments to adopt alternatives to our products and services. Emergence of these and other new competitors may adversely impact our margins and market share.



   Company Address: 5775 Morehouse Dr. San Diego 92121 CA
   Company Phone Number: 587-1121   Stock Exchange / Ticker: NASDAQ QCOM
   QCOM is expected to report next financial results on February 01, 2023.


Customers Net Income fell by QCOM's Customers Net Profit Margin fell to

-17.92 %

13.88 %

• Customers Performance • Customers Expend. • Customers Efficiency • List of Customers


   

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