Neophotonics Corp  (NPTN)
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    Sector  Technology    Industry Semiconductors
   Industry Semiconductors
   Sector  Technology
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 Market Capitalization (Millions $) -
 Shares Outstanding (Millions) 56
 Employees 1,783
 Revenues (TTM) (Millions $) 349
 Net Income (TTM) (Millions $) -7
 Cash Flow (TTM) (Millions $) 10
 Capital Exp. (TTM) (Millions $) 11

Neophotonics Corp

We develop, manufacture and sell optoelectronic products that transmit, receive and switch high speed digital optical signals for communications networks. Our products address the highest speed over distance applications and are designed for 100G and beyond data rates, such as at 200G, 400G, 600G and, in the near future, 1.2 Terabits per second, for telecom and hyper-scale data center or content provider networks.
Our High Speed Products for data rates of 100G and beyond. These Products use our Advanced Hybrid photonic Integration technology and are the core focus of our strategy. We believe that they are an important competitive differentiator.

Our High Speed Products include transceiver modules, optical components and high speed chip-level optical devices. Our 100G and beyond transceiver module products incorporate our vertically integrated, high performance components, including ultra-narrow linewidth tunable lasers (NLW-TLs), high speed electro-absorbtively modulated lasers (EMLs), high bandwidth coherent receivers (ICRs), high bandwidth micro-modulators (micro-MOD), high bandwidth trans-impedance amplifiers (TIAs) and high bandwidth laser and modulator drivers. We integrate several of these components into a Coherent Optical Subassembly (COSA) which when combined with our NLW Laser, provides all of the optical functions necessary for coherent communications in an ultra-compact package suitable for next generation pluggable modules. Furthermore, in addition to integrating these components into our own modules, we sell these components to other industry leaders who use them in their highest performance products. We believe that our strength in these and other high performance components places us in a strong competitive position as we add new variants to our module product line.

100G and beyond networks have adopted coherent transmission technology to increase speeds and lower costs. These high speed networks are one of the highest growth segments of the optical communications market, and support the rapid expansion of telecom backbone, hyper-scale data center and content provider networks, accommodating increased mobile traffic. Prior to 2016, revenue growth from our high speed products was mainly driven by the adoption of our 100G coherent products in the Long Haul market sector. We expect our future growth in the 100G and beyond segment to be driven primarily by the increased adoption of our high speed products in the much larger Metro market sector and in the high-speed data center interconnect market as well as the large hyper-scale data center market.
Coherent transmission uses not only amplitude but also phase and polarization properties of light to increase data rates ten-fold or more over conventional “on-off” transmission protocols. Coherent transmission does not require complete isolation of each channel by optical filters and therefore can flexibly and efficiently switch the signal on an individual wavelength without conflict or contention between wavelengths, a feature that is required for Software Defined Optical Networks, or SDON. Software Defined Optical Networks markedly increase the flexibility and efficiency of Metro networks and, combined with the ten-fold increase in data-rates achievable with coherent transmission, mark a very large improvement in cost performance for metro scale networks. In addition, the necessary equipment to implement a metro scale network is significantly reduced, especially using flex-coherent transceivers and CDC Switches.
The benefits of coherent transmission have made it a preferred technology for advanced high speed telecommunications networks for distances of 80 kilometers to 2000 kilometers. We believe that our Advanced Hybrid Photonic Integration technology enables us to effectively address the challenges inherent in precision and high volume manufacturing of optical components for coherent transmission.

Digital Optical Communications Market Structure
The digital optical communications market has two main sectors, telecom (which is sub divided into Long Haul, Metro and access applications) and Datacom (which includes data center). The telecom sector includes the global backbone of Long Haul and Metro communications. It also includes local access links to end users. The Datacom and data center sector includes connections in hyper-scale data centers as well as traditional “enterprise” networks. As data centers proliferate within metropolitan sized geographies, a very rapidly growing Data center Interconnect market has emerged which resembles the metro market in its bandwidth and distance needs and utilizes similar optical technologies and products.
While the Metro market is the largest volume, it most often follows the Long Haul telecom sector in technology deployment, notably of coherent 100G and beyond technologies. The Long Haul telecom sector is the first adopter of the highest speed and most advanced communication links, and typically migrates over time into the Metro sector as costs are reduced such that they are economical in the shorter but more numerous Metro network links, with its commensurate lower traffic densities prior to aggregation for Long Haul transport.

The Datacom market includes hyper-scale data centers and infrastructure for cloud based services as well as traditional enterprise networks. Companies such as Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google and Microsoft are steadily increasing investments in very large data centers as they implement cloud-based “big data” services that can be crowd-sourced and crowd-distributed, and that utilize machine-to-machine and inter-data center transactions to power the mobile web. Connections between such very large data centers over a metro-sized area are an emerging high growth market for “big pipes” using dedicated 100G and beyond digital optical connections from data center to data center (inter-data center or DCI). Connections within data centers (intra-data center) and from data center to a telecommunications carrier are also moving to 100G and beyond speeds, although somewhat behind Metro, DCI and long haul.

The Datacom market is often the most cost sensitive sector of digital optical communications due to high volumes and to shorter lifetime requirements, and therefore it typically begins to adopt leading edge speeds after those speeds penetrate the Metro sector of the telecom market segment.
From this market structure, we believe that a technology leader must achieve a leadership position in the Long Haul telecom sector as the basis for commercializing the most advanced technology and then extending that technology to the Metro and DCI sectors and to additional applications within data centers and other Datacom applications.
Digital Optical Communications Network Equipment
The structure of the industry that supplies the network equipment for telecom digital optical communications networks has largely concentrated down to leading vendors which include: Nokia (formerly Alcatel-Lucent, which was acquired by Nokia in January 2016), Ciena, Cisco, Coriant, Fujitsu Limited, Fiberhome, Huawei, Infinera Corporation, NEC Corporation and ZTE Corporation.
Major suppliers of network equipment to the Datacom and data center market include Arista Networks, Nokia, Brocade Communications Systems, Cisco, Huawei and Juniper Networks. At the optical module and component level, Broadcom Limited, or Broadcom (resulting from the acquisition of Broadcom Corporation by Avago Technologies Ltd., or Avago), Finisar and Sumitomo Electric Device Innovations, Inc., or Sumitomo, are leading merchant suppliers and some larger network equipment companies like Huawei and Cisco have divisions or affiliates (such as HiSilicon in the case of Huawei) that are captive suppliers. Furthermore, some of the larger hyper-scale content providers, such as Google, Microsoft and Facebook, are beginning to design and source their own optical network systems equipment from contract manufacturing partners. These moves drive “disaggregation” in the data center network separating software and hardware elements, as well as different hardware functions, so that multiple vendors can supply different interacting products.
Recent changes in switch architectures are rapidly moving new installations to higher speed 25G dataflows (such that four such signal paths provide 100G comprised of four 25G signals, or “4x25G”), resulting in a fast growing 100G module market for connections inside the data center and “big pipes” for data connections between data centers, or data center interconnects (DCI), at 100G and 200G, and moving to 400G and 600G, data rates.

The main photonic operational blocks or modules required for digital optical communications are transmitters, receivers and, where the network is branched, optical switches. Transmitters and receivers are often combined into single modules which are called transceivers and can be configured into line cards, daughter cards and transponders, or digital or analog modules. At the high end, such as Long Haul, a transmitter and receiver can be paired and combined with signal processing electronics to error correct and restore degradation which affects the signal after traveling long distances, in which case the unit is referred to as a transponder. For high speeds and high bandwidth each of these product types requires photonic integration at the most advanced and complete level to deliver the required performance and functionality while being manufacturable at scale and competitive in cost.

Switching products, which switch different colors, or signal channels, down different branches of the network, have thus far been Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexers (ROADMs) consisting of Wavelength Selective Switches (WSSs). For 100G coherent networks, a new type of optical switch, the Multi-Cast Switch (MCS), has been developed and introduced to eliminate contention in 100G coherent switching. The need to eliminate contention is being driven by the move to SDON, which is important to both telecom network requirements and content provider networks. A “contentionless” architecture uses both traditional “Wavelength Selective Switches” and the new MCS, which we supply. One or more MCSs are deployed initially with each ROADM node, and then additional multicast switches are deployed over time as traffic growth demands with as many as eight MCS devices for each node, allowing networks to efficiently expand as needed. This type of switch is CDC, and its function is optimized for 100G and beyond coherent networks.


   Company Address: 3081 Zanker Road San Jose 95134 CA
   Company Phone Number: 232-9200   Stock Exchange / Ticker: NYSE NPTN

Customers Net Income fell by NPTN's Customers Net Profit Margin fell to

-15.03 %

12.84 %

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