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Federal National Mortgage Association Fannie Mae  (FNMA)
Other Ticker:  
 
 
Price: $0.6848 $0.01 2.209%
Day's High: $0.6848 Week Perf: 0.71 %
Day's Low: $ 0.66 30 Day Perf: -9.91 %
Volume (M): 154 52 Wk High: $ 2.50
Volume (M$): $ 106 52 Wk Avg: $1.05
Open: $0.68 52 Wk Low: $0.56



 Market Capitalization (Millions $) 4,036
 Shares Outstanding (Millions) 5,893
 Employees 7,600
 Revenues (TTM) (Millions $) 35,782
 Net Income (TTM) (Millions $) 21,591
 Cash Flow (TTM) (Millions $) -25,360
 Capital Exp. (TTM) (Millions $) 0

Federal National Mortgage Association Fannie Mae

Fannie Mae’s activities enhance the liquidity and stability of the mortgage market. These activities include providing funds to mortgage lenders through our purchases of mortgage assets, and issuing and guaranteeing mortgage-related securities that facilitate the flow of additional funds into the mortgage market. We also make other investments that increase the supply of affordable rental housing. Our activities contribute to making housing in the United States more affordable and more available to low-, moderate- and middle-income Americans.

We are a government-sponsored enterprise (“GSE”) chartered by the U.S. Congress under the name “Federal National Mortgage Association” and are aligned with national policies to support expanded access to housing and increased opportunities for homeownership. We are subject to government oversight and regulation. Our regulators include the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (“OFHEO”), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”), the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and the Department of the Treasury.

While we are a Congressionally-chartered enterprise, the U.S. government does not guarantee, directly or indirectly, our securities or other obligations. We are a stockholder-owned corporation, and our business is self-sustaining and funded exclusively with private capital. Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and traded under the symbol “FNM.” Our debt securities are actively traded in the over-the-counter market.

Our business operates within the U.S. residential mortgage market. Because we support activity in the U.S. residential mortgage market, we consider the amount of U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding to be the best measure of the size of our overall market. As of June 30, 2006, the latest date for which information was available, the amount of U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding was estimated by the Federal Reserve to be approximately $10.5 trillion. Our book of business, which includes mortgage assets we hold in our mortgage portfolio and our Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities held by third parties, was $2.4 trillion as of June 30, 2006, or nearly 23% of total U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding. “Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities” or “Fannie Mae MBS” generally refers to those mortgage-related securities that we issue and with respect to which we guarantee to the related trusts that we will supplement mortgage loan collections as required to permit timely payment of principal and interest due on these Fannie Mae MBS. We also issue some forms of mortgage-related securities for which we do not provide this guaranty.

The mortgage market has experienced strong long-term growth. According to Federal Reserve estimates, total U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding has increased each year from 1945 to 2005. Growth in U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding averaged 10.6% per year over that period, which is faster than the 6.9% average growth in the U.S. economy over the same period, as measured by nominal gross domestic product. Growth in U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding was particularly strong during 2001 through 2005. Total U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding grew at an estimated annual rate of almost 13% in 2002 and 2003, approximately 15% in 2004 and approximately 14% in 2005.

Homeownership rates, home price appreciation and certain macroeconomic factors such as interest rates are large drivers of growth in U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding. Growth in U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding in recent years has been driven primarily by record home sales, strong home price appreciation and historically low interest rates. Also contributing to growth in U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding in recent years was the increased use of mortgage debt financing by homeowners and demographic trends that contributed to increased household formation and higher homeownership rates. Growth in U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding has moderated in 2006 in response to slower home price growth, a sharp drop-off in home sales and declining refinance activity. While total U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding as of June 30, 2006 was 12.3% higher than year-ago levels, the annualized growth rate in the second quarter of 2006 slowed to 9.6%. We expect that growth in total U.S. residential mortgage debt outstanding will continue at a slower pace in 2007, as the housing market continues to cool and home price gains moderate further or possibly decline modestly. We believe that the continuation of positive demographic trends, such as stable household formation rates, will help mitigate this slowdown in the growth in residential mortgage debt outstanding, but these trends are unlikely to completely offset the slowdown in the short- to medium-term.

Over the past 30 years, home values (as measured by the OFHEO House Price Index) and income (as measured by per capita personal income) have both risen at around a 6% annualized rate. During 2001 through 2005, however, this comparability between home values and income eroded, with income growth averaging approximately 4.1% and home price appreciation averaging over 9%. Moreover, home price appreciation was especially rapid in 2004 and 2005, with rates of home price appreciation of approximately 11% in 2004 and 13% in 2005 on a national basis (with some regional variations). This period of extraordinary home price appreciation appears to be ending. According to the OFHEO House Price Index, home prices increased at a 3.45% annualized rate in the third quarter of 2006, which was the slowest pace of home price appreciation since 1998. We believe a modest decline in national home prices in 2007 is possible.

The amount of residential mortgage debt available for us to purchase or securitize and the mix of available loan products are affected by several factors, including the volume of single-family mortgages within the loan limits imposed under our charter, consumer preferences for different types of mortgages, and the purchase and securitization activity of other financial institutions. See “Item 1A—Risk Factors” for a description of the risks associated with the recent slowdown in home price appreciation, as well as competitive factors affecting our business.

Our Role in the Secondary Mortgage Market

The mortgage market comprises a major portion of the domestic capital markets and provides a vital source of financing for the large housing segment of the economy, as well as one of the most important means for Americans to achieve their homeownership objectives. The U.S. Congress chartered Fannie Mae and certain other GSEs to help ensure stability and liquidity within the secondary mortgage market. Our activities are especially valuable when economic or financial market conditions constrain the flow of funds for mortgage lending. In addition, we believe our activities and those of other GSEs help lower the costs of borrowing in the mortgage market, which makes housing more affordable and increases homeownership, especially for low- to moderate-income families. We believe our activities also increase the supply of affordable rental housing.

Our principal customers are lenders that operate within the primary mortgage market by originating mortgage loans for homebuyers and current homeowners refinancing their existing mortgage loans. Our customers include mortgage banking companies, savings and loan associations, savings banks, commercial banks, credit unions, community banks, and state and local housing finance agencies. Lenders originating mortgages in the primary market often sell them in the secondary mortgage market in the form of loans or in the form of mortgage-related securities.

We operate in the secondary mortgage market where mortgages are bought and sold. We securitize mortgage loans originated by lenders in the primary market into Fannie Mae MBS, which can then be readily bought and sold in the secondary mortgage market. We also participate in the secondary mortgage market by purchasing mortgage loans (often referred to as “whole loans”) and mortgage-related securities, including Fannie Mae MBS, for our mortgage portfolio. By delivering loans to us in exchange for Fannie Mae MBS, lenders gain the advantage of holding a highly liquid instrument and the flexibility to determine under what conditions they will hold or sell the MBS. By selling loans to us, lenders replenish their funds and, consequently, are able to make additional loans. Pursuant to our charter, we do not lend money directly to consumers in the primary mortgage market.

COMPETITION

Our competitors include the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, referred to as Freddie Mac, the Federal Home Loan Banks, financial institutions, securities dealers, insurance companies, pension funds and other investors. Our market share of loans purchased for our investment portfolio or securitized into Fannie Mae MBS is affected by the amount of residential mortgage loans offered for sale in the secondary market by loan originators and other market participants, and the amount purchased or securitized by our competitors. Our market share is also affected by the mix of available mortgage loan products and the credit risk and prices associated with those loans.

We are an active investor in mortgage-related assets and we compete with a broad range of investors for the purchase and sale of these assets. Our primary competitors for the purchase and sale of mortgage assets are participants in the secondary mortgage market that we believe also share our general investment objective of seeking to maximize the returns they receive through the purchase and sale of mortgage assets. In addition, in recent years, several large mortgage lenders have increased their retained holdings of the mortgage loans they originate. Competition for mortgage-related assets among investors in the secondary market was intense in 2004 and 2005. The spreads between the yield on our debt securities and expected yields on mortgage assets, after consideration of the net risks associated with the investments, were very narrow in 2004 and 2005, reflecting strong investor demand from banks, funds and other investors. This high demand for mortgage assets increased the price of mortgage assets relative to the credit risks associated with these assets.

We have been the largest agency issuer of mortgage-related securities in every year since 1990. Competition for the issuance of mortgage-related securities is intense and participants compete on the basis of the value of their products and services relative to the prices they charge. Value can be delivered through the liquidity and trading levels for an issuer’s securities, the range of products and services offered, and the reliability and consistency with which it conducts its business. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the issuance of mortgage-related securities by non-agency issuers. Non-agency issuers, also referred to as private-label issuers, are those issuers of mortgage-related securities other than agency issuers Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac or Ginnie Mae. Private-label issuers have significantly increased their share of the mortgage-related securities market and accounted for more than half of new single-family mortgage-related securities issuances in 2005. As the market share for private-label securities has increased, our market share has decreased. During 2005, our estimated market share of new single-family mortgage-related securities issuance was 23.5%, compared to 29.2% in 2004 and 45.0% in 2003. For the third quarter of 2006, our estimated market share of new single-family mortgage-related securities issuance was 24.7%. Our estimates of market share are based on publicly available data and exclude previously securitized mortgages. We expect private-label issuers to continue to provide significant competition to our Single-Family business.

We also expect private-label issuers to provide increasingly significant competition to our HCD business. The commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) issued by private-label issuers are typically backed not only by loans secured by multifamily residential property, but also by loans secured by a mix of retail, office, hotel and other commercial properties. We are restricted by our charter to issuing Fannie Mae MBS backed by residential loans, which often have lower yields than other types of commercial real estate loans. Private-label issuers include multifamily residential loans in pools backing CMBS because those properties, while generally generating lower cash flow than other types of commercial properties, generally have lower default rates, which improves the overall performance of CMBS pools. To obtain multifamily residential property loans for CMBS pools, private-label issuers are sometimes willing to purchase loans of a lesser credit quality than the loans we purchase and to price their purchases of these loans more aggressively than we typically price our purchases. Because we usually guarantee our Fannie Mae MBS, we generally maintain high credit standards to limit our exposure to defaults. Private-label issuers often structure their CMBS transactions so that certain classes of the securities issued in each transaction bear most of the default risk on the loans underlying the transaction. These securities are placed with investors that are prepared to assume that risk in exchange for higher yields. We are responding to this increased competition from private-label issuers of CMBS, in part, by investing in investment grade CMBS securities backed by multifamily loans.



   Company Address: 1100 15th Street, NW Washington, 20005 DC
   Company Phone Number: 232-6643   Stock Exchange / Ticker: FNMA
   FNMA is expected to report next financial results on August 02, 2022.


Customers Net Income fell by FNMA's Customers Net Profit Margin fell to

-28.8 %

21.92 %

• Customers Performance • Customers Expend. • Customers Efficiency • List of Customers


   

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FMCC   -21.98%    
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Federal National Mortgage Association Fannie Mae's Segments
 
Single-Family
 Segment    64.01 % of total Revenue
HCD
 Segment    7.47 % of total Revenue
Capital Markets
 Segment    28.52 % of total Revenue
 
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