P10 Inc.  (PX)
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P10 Inc. Segments

North America
   54.47 % of total Revenue
South America
   12.77 % of total Revenue
   12.58 % of total Revenue
   14.71 % of total Revenue
Surface Technologies
   5.47 % of total Revenue

Business Segments (Sep. 30, 2015)
(in millions $)
III. Quarter
(of total Revenues)
(Sep. 30, 2015)
(in millions $)
III. Quarter
(Profit Margin)
North America
1,463.00 54.47 % 385.00 26.32 %
South America
343.00 12.77 % 70.00 20.41 %
338.00 12.58 % 63.00 18.64 %
395.00 14.71 % 77.00 19.49 %
Surface Technologies
147.00 5.47 % 25.00 17.01 %
2,686.00 100 % 620.00 23.08 %

• View Income Statement • View Competition by Segment • View Annual Report

Growth rates by Segment (Sep. 30, 2015)
Y/Y Revenue
III. Quarter
Q/Q Revenue
(Sep. 30, 2015)
Y/Y Income
III. Quarter
Q/Q Income
North America
-10.74 % -1.28 % -7.45 % -0.77 %
South America
-34.42 % -11.6 % -40.68 % -13.58 %
-12.21 % 2.11 % -11.27 % 0 %
-7.28 % 2.07 % 2.67 % 11.59 %
Surface Technologies
-14.04 % -2 % -19.35 % 0 %
-14.57 % -1.9 % -12.8 % -0.96 %

• View Growth rates • View Competitors Segment Growth • View Market Share

To get more information on P10's North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Surface Technologies, Total segment. Select each division with the arrow.


Business Segments Description

Industrial Gases Distribution
There are three basic distribution methods for industrial gases: (1) on-site or tonnage; (2) merchant liquid; and (3) packaged or cylinder gases. These distribution methods are often integrated, with products from all three supply modes coming from the same plant. The method of supply is generally determined by the lowest cost means of meeting the customer’s needs, depending upon factors such as volume requirements, purity, pattern of usage, and the form in which the product is used (as a gas or as a cryogenic liquid).

On-site. Customers that require the largest volumes of product (typically oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen) and that have a relatively constant demand pattern are supplied by cryogenic and process gas on-site plants. Praxair constructs plants on or adjacent to these customers’ sites and supplies the product directly to customers. Because these are usually dedicated plants, the product supply contracts generally are total requirement contracts, typically having 10-20 year terms and containing minimum purchase requirements and price escalation provisions. Many of the cryogenic on-site plants also produce liquid products for the merchant market. New advanced air separation processes allow on-site delivery to customers with smaller volume requirements. Customers using these systems usually enter into requirement contracts with terms typically ranging from 5-15 years.

Merchant. The merchant business is generally associated with distributable liquid oxygen, nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and helium. The deliveries generally are made from Praxair’s plants by tanker trucks to storage containers owned or leased and maintained by Praxair or the customer at the customer’s site. Due to distribution cost, merchant oxygen and nitrogen generally have a relatively small distribution radius from the plants at which they are produced. Merchant argon, hydrogen and helium can be shipped much longer distances. The agreements used in the merchant business are usually three to five year requirement contracts, except for carbon dioxide, which typically has one-year requirement contracts in the United States.

Packaged Gases. Customers requiring small volumes are supplied products in metal containers called cylinders, under medium to high pressure. Packaged gases include atmospheric gases, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, helium and acetylene. Praxair also produces and distributes in cylinders a wide range of specialty gases and mixtures. Cylinders may be delivered to the customer’s site or picked up by the customer at a packaging facility or retail store. Packaged gases are generally sold by purchase orders.

A substantial amount of the cylinder gases sold in the United States is distributed by independent distributors that buy merchant gases in liquid form and repackage the products in their facilities. These businesses also distribute welding equipment purchased from manufacturers of such products. Over time, Praxair has acquired several independent industrial gases and welding products distributors at various locations in the United States and continues to sell merchant gases to other independent distributors. Between its own distribution business, joint ventures and sales to independent distributors, Praxair is represented in 42 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.

Surface Technologies
Praxair’s surface technologies segment supplies wear-resistant and high-temperature corrosion-resistant metallic and ceramic coatings and powders to the aircraft, printing, textile, plastics, primary metals, petrochemical, and other industries. It also provides aircraft engine and airframe component overhaul services, and manufactures a complete line of electric arc, plasma, and high velocity oxygen fuel spray equipment as well as arc and flame wire equipment used for the application of wear resistant coatings. The coatings extend wear life and are applied at Praxair’s facilities using a variety of thermal spray coatings processes. The coated parts are finished to the customer’s precise specifications before shipment.


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