First Security Group Inc  (FSGI)
Other Ticker:  
    Sector  Financial    Industry Regional Banks
   Industry Regional Banks
   Sector  Financial

First Security Group Inc Segments


Business Segments II. Quarter
(in millions $)
(Jun 30 2015
(of total Revenues)
II. Quarter
(in millions $)
(Jun 30 2015
(Profit Margin)
9.50 100 % -0.80 -

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Growth rates by Segment II. Quarter
Y/Y Revenue
(Jun 30 2015
Q/Q Revenue
II. Quarter
Y/Y Income
(Jun 30 2015
Q/Q Income
-9.84 % -21.56 % - -

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To get more information on First Security Group Inc's Total segment. Select each division with the arrow.

  First Security Group Inc's

Business Segments Description

Real Estate—Residential 1-4 Family. Our residential mortgage loan department primarily originates loans for sale into the secondary market. We generally do not retain long-term, fixed rate residential real estate loans in our portfolio due to interest rate and collateral risks and low levels of profitability.

Those residential loans to individuals that are retained in our loan portfolio primarily consist of first liens on 1-4 family residential mortgages, home equity loans and lines of credit. These held-for-investment loans are generally made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to repay the loan from his or her employment and other income and are secured by residential real estate, the value of which is reasonably ascertainable. We also expect that the loan-to-value ratios for held-to-investment loans will be sufficient to compensate for fluctuations in real estate market value and to minimize losses that could result from a downturn in the residential real estate market.

Real Estate—Commercial, Multi-Family and Farmland. We make commercial mortgage loans to finance the purchase of real property as well as loans to smaller business ventures, credit lines for working capital and short-term seasonal or inventory financing, including letters of credit, that are also secured by real estate. Commercial mortgage lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts, and the repayment of loans is dependent, in large part, on sufficient income from the properties collateralizing the loans to cover operating expenses and debt service. As a general practice, we require our commercial mortgage loans to be collateralized by well-managed income-producing property with adequate margins and to be guaranteed by responsible parties. In addition, approximately 40% of our commercial mortgage loan portfolio is secured by owner-occupied commercial buildings. We look for opportunities where cash flow from the business located in the owner-occupied building provides adequate debt service coverage and the guarantor’s net worth is primarily based on assets other than the project we are financing. Our commercial mortgage loans are generally collateralized by first liens on real estate, have fixed or floating interest rates and amortize over a 10 to 25-year period with balloon payments generally due at the end of one to seven years. Payments on loans collateralized by such properties are often dependent on the successful operation or management of the properties. Accordingly, repayment of these loans may be subject to adverse conditions in the real estate market.

In underwriting commercial mortgage loans, we seek to minimize our risks in a variety of ways, including giving careful consideration to the property’s operating history, future operating projections, current and projected occupancy, location and physical condition. Our underwriting analysis also includes credit checks, reviews of appraisals and environmental hazards or EPA reports and a review of the financial condition of the borrower. We attempt to limit our risk by analyzing our borrowers’ cash flow and collateral value on a regular and ongoing basis.

Real Estate—Construction. We also make construction and development loans to residential and, to a lesser extent, commercial contractors and developers located within our market areas. Construction loans generally are secured by first liens on real estate and have floating interest rates. Construction loans involve additional risks attributable to the fact that loan funds are advanced upon the security of a project under construction, and the value of the project is dependent on its successful completion. As a result of these uncertainties, construction lending often involves the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment dependent, in part, upon the success of the ultimate project rather than the ability of a borrower or guarantor to repay the loan. If we are forced to foreclose on a project prior to completion, there is no assurance that we will be able to recover all of the unpaid portion of the loan. In addition, we may be required to fund additional amounts to complete a project and may have to hold the property for an indeterminate period of time. While we have underwriting procedures designed to identify what we believe to be acceptable levels of risks in construction lending, no assurance can be given that these procedures will prevent losses from the risks described above. To further minimize our risk, we have identified and targeted certain builders within our markets with satisfactory performance throughout the last recession.

Commercial. Our commercial loan portfolio includes loans to smaller business ventures, credit lines for working capital and short-term seasonal or inventory financing, as well as letters of credit that are generally secured by collateral other than real estate. Commercial borrowers typically secure their loans with assets of the business, personal guaranties of their principals and often mortgages on the principals’ personal residences. Our commercial loans are primarily made within our market areas and are underwritten on the basis of the commercial borrower’s ability to service the debt from income. In general, commercial loans involve more credit risk than residential and commercial mortgage loans, but less risk than consumer loans. The increased risk in commercial loans is generally due to the type of assets collateralizing these loans. The increased risk also derives from the expectation that commercial loans generally will be serviced from the operations of the business, and those operations may not be successful.

Consumer. We make a variety of loans to individuals for personal, family and household purposes, including secured and unsecured installment and term loans. Consumer loans entail greater risk than other loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured or secured by depreciating assets such as automobiles. In these cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment for the outstanding loan balance. In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and thus are more likely to be affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal hardships.

Niche Lending Initiatives. In the fourth quarter of 2013, we implemented four new lending initiatives. First, TriNet Direct is a division focused on national net lease lending and originates construction of pre-leased "build to suit" projects and provides interim and long-term financing to professional developers and private investors of commercial real estate on long-term leases to tenants that are investment grade or have investment grade attributes. Second, we entered into a partnership with an unaffiliated third-party that originates small balance, unsecured consumer loans, primarily associated with home improvement additions, including financing new or replacement HVAC units, roofs, windows and other improvements. We are purchasing these consumer loans at a discount from the originator. Third, we have established a business credit sales and support team that originates structured loans secured by accounts receivable and inventory within our markets. The business credit department was implemented as we believe properly structured and monitored asset-based lending at the community bank level is an under-served market that can generate above-average returns on a risk-adjusted basis. The fourth lending initiative is a lending unit focused on government lending, primarily originating and selling the guaranteed portion of Small Business Administration ("SBA") and United State Department of Agriculture ("USDA") loans. This fourth initiative provides a greater impact on non-interest income through the premium and servicing of sold loans. These initiatives are operating with distinct concentration limits and will only supplement the loan growth generated by our traditional banking officers.

Credit Risks. The principal economic risk associated with each category of the loans that we make is the creditworthiness of the borrower and the ability of the borrower to repay the loan. General economic conditions and the strength of the services and retail market segments affect borrower creditworthiness. General factors affecting a commercial borrower’s ability to repay include interest rates, inflation and the demand for the commercial borrower’s products and services, as well as other factors affecting a borrower’s customers, suppliers and employees.

Risks associated with real estate loans also include fluctuations in the value of real estate, new job creation trends, tenant vacancy rates and, in the case of commercial borrowers, the quality of the borrower’s management. Consumer loan repayments depend upon the borrower’s financial stability and are more likely to be adversely affected by divorce, job loss, illness and personal hardships.

Lending Policies. Our Board of Directors has established and periodically reviews FSGBank’s lending policies and procedures. We have established common documentation and standards based on the applicable type of loan. There are regulatory restrictions on the dollar amount of loans available for each lending relationship.

National banking regulations provide that no loan relationship may exceed 15% of a bank’s Tier 1 capital. In addition, we have established a tiered “house” limit based on the credit risk rating of the loan. However, these limits may not exceed our legal lending limit for each lending relationship. Any loan request exceeding the house limit must be approved by a management committee and is reported to a committee of our Board of Directors. We occasionally sell participation interests in loans to other lenders, primarily when a loan exceeds our house lending limits.

Concentrations. The retail nature of our commercial banking operations allows for diversification of depositors and borrowers, and we believe that our business does not depend upon a single or a few customers. We also do not believe that our credits are concentrated within a single industry or group of related industries.

The economy in our Dalton, Georgia market area is generally dependent upon the carpet industry and changes in construction of residential and commercial establishments. While the Dalton economy is dominated by the carpet and carpet-related industries, we do not have any one customer from whom more than 10% of our revenues are derived. However, we have multiple customers, commercial and retail, that are directly or indirectly affected by, or are engaged in businesses related to the carpet industry that, in the aggregate, have historically provided greater than 10% of our revenues.


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